Privacy Tools List by CHEF-KOCH

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This is not an “awesome” list nor an “ultimate” or “perfect” list
This is my own collection I gathered over the years, written down into one single file which anyone can freely access. I do not claim to have the most complete or most perfect list, but I do claim that listed tools are good enough alternatives for e.g. Google or Microsoft products.

Do not drag me into so-called “privacy communities”
I do not want to have anything to do with PrivacyGuides, PrismBreak or any other “privacy 🤡 community”. Please do not link me / my guides into such communities. The reason is simply, I want to stay unbiased and objective. I do not advertise tools to gain money or reputation or to get any benefit out from it. I stand behind listed products because I tested them and can suggest them without hesitation.

Something incorrect, outdated or you want to contribute?
In case you have some questions, you can ask them directly on our official Matrix Server. In case you want RSS based news/feeds for mostly FOSS tools only, you can follow my guild on Lemmy if you want.

DateChanges made on this guide
23.09.2021Typos fixed, some addition stuff added, going towards v1.0
21.09.2021“Rescue Disks” + “Scanning / Pentesting” section added, typo and link fixes
20.09.2021“Blockchain based Games” & “Amazon shopping alternatives” section added
19.09.2021Public Release. Hello friend…
Changelog history

What does not belong on my list

  1. Fedpots – Potential honeypots and/or services/tools behind feds/police.
  2. Criminal stuff – If the creator/inventor, CEO etc. was once involved into criminal activities they automatically get delisted here. No matter how good their products are.
  3. Controversial tools or services which cannot be fully verified or reviewed because of e.g. lack of transparency.
  4. Cracked software/services, if I see that a service cannot handle leaks or there are mass uploads with cracked accounts on e.g. Telegram it is automatically a no-go, no matter how good the service/tool is
  5. Closed source software – Unless verified, tested and proven “worthy” – Can you lift Mjölnir to be worthy? Closed source must be labeled as such and should be the exceptions on my list. Trackers in software or websites of any kind are not allowed unless approved.
  6. I do not give much 💩 about ethical aspects in software unless we hit the criminal section. You can abuse almost every legitimate software and do shady stuff with it, repack it with malware etc. I am not the one who can control every aspect, nor the people who are plan to do this.
  7. The persons behind software/service have their own life and I do not care/judge them if they come from Mars or have two waifus, as long they play by our current laws. Everyone can pretend to be a good guy, it is not up to us to be judging and executive in one person. However, if I see the interest is mainly to make only money out of it, I will most likely not list them unless there are absolute no other alternatives usable.
  8. Every (popular) software or service might leak at some point, good software and developers are defined by how fast they handle/react such things and if they disclose everything in public or not. Trying to hide something is a no-go.
  9. I am not a criminal and my goal here is not to list tools for criminals which they can use/abuse for shady stuff like doxing others and getting away with it. – I kneel before society laws even if I do not fully agree or like all of them, this is called living in a democracy and the reason more than one tool in the same category is listed, simply to give you a choice (if possible).
  10. I am not red nor blue pilled. – This means that I change my mind considerable often when I see it fits (software/services evolves, so do attacks & leaks). Example: I currently use Brave Browser but if I see Browser X is better, then I switch it and do not aggressively try to get people on my side with made up arguments or try finding excuses to get others following my “opinion”. That being said, fanboyism is not welcome here. The things here are listed because they are reliable, secure and privacy-friendly, anonymity is just a “bonus”.

How does a software or service X land on my list?

  1. FOSS / closed source – Closed source automatically ranks lowest and should only be listed as exception if no alternative is usable/available.
  2. Maintained – I will not add a software or service which is actively maintained.
  3. Reviewed / evidence / audited – An audit is only a snapshot review which does not mean that in the near future there could nothing go wrong, but it shows how transparent the software/developer is and what third-parties had to say about the product. It also can reveal how they handle possible revealed problems and how they communicate this into public.
  4. Usability – The best software is useless if I or others cannot really use/enjoy it.
  5. Criminal background check – Or connections to advertising companies, which also includes bias/interest checks to ensure that in the future nothing “bad” happens with product/service x. Software regarding criminal activities never gets listed.
  6. Malware/tracking check – If it contains any sort of malware, it will get reported. Tracking depends on how severe it is and if the included trackers/analytics are FOSS and explained or not, e.g. Kiwi Browser.
  7. Self-host – Software which can get self-hosted ranks automatically higher, since you can then control every aspect of the software.
  8. Rumor check – I personally give nothing about rumors from unknown sources, but there will be a background check regarding the software or service itself.
  9. Paid – I am not against paid software in general because every developer needs to pay bills – like the rest of us – but I will do a check what payment system he uses to obtain donations/money, if I see that the developer uses none privacy-friendly services like PayPal I might not list the product at all, unless there are other friendlier options like e.g. Monero listed.
  10. It is my list and not yours – I will have the last word what I list because at the end of the day I vouch with my name for listed products.


Do not use any advertising service that comes from big tech corporations like Google Ads, Facebook/Instagram Ads, and Bing Ads. These services aggregate and exploit user data by microtargeting specific users.

  • EthicalAds – Content targeted advertising which doesn’t track or store any user data.

Advertising Identifier (IDFA)

See here what it is.

Alarm Clock

  • Alarmio – An open-source simple alarm clock that implements many useful features while following regular design standards to ensure that it is quick and intuitive to use.
  • Clock + – Open-source Alarm clock, timer, and stop watch.
  • Insane Alarm! – Developer states that he had “spent a night out with the boys and drank a bit too much but needed to be up in the morning”.
  • Simple Alarm Clock – Exactly as it’s name says; simple alarm clock yet adds many improvements over other apps. No dock mode or world clock.
  • Talalarmo – Minimal, simple and free alarm clock for Android thoughtfully designed by nap enthusiasts.

AI Assistants

Not so good in terms of privacy:

  • Amazon Alexa
  • Google Home
  • IBM Watson

Privacy oriented alternatives:

  • Ara – Open-source virtual assistant for Android. Can replace Google Assistant (home button functionality) on most devices.
  • Home Assistant
  • Mycroft – Open-source AI assistant, range of hardware options.
  • Apple Siri and HomePod – Apple Privacy.

App Isolation

  • Riru – Enhanced mode for Storage Isolation – Storage Isolation (Storage Redirect) is an app which provides isolated storage feature for apps. It can prevent poor-designed apps making your storage messy and let you control files app can access. Not entirely free, 3 apps can be isolated more needs unlocked version.
  • Shelter – Shelter is a Free and Open-Source app that leverages the “Work Profile” feature of Android to provide an isolated space that you can install or clone apps into.

Anti-Theft Protection

  • Private Lock – A simple app to automatically lock your phone based on movement force, or the acceleration to be more accurate.

AudioBook Player

  • aesopPlayer – An audio book player with emphasis on the elderly and visually impaired.
  • OpenAudible – A cross-platform desktop application for downloading and managing your Audible audiobooks.
  • PyCasts – Python 3 podcast & audiobook player based on python-vlc and appjar.


  • BookPlayer – Player for your DRM-free audiobooks.
  • Voice – Minimalistic audiobook player for Android.

Audio Editing

  • Ardour – A cross-platform digital audio workstation emphasizing audio recording.
  • Audacium – Yet another fork of Audacity.
  • LMMS – Another cross-platform digital audio workstation, more oriented towards making beats.
  • Tenacity – A Privacy-Respecting Audacity Fork.

Audio Tools

  • Beets – A powerful command-line music organizer and manipulator.
  • Cecilia – A CSound-based graphical environment for music and signal processing.
  • cyanrip – Rips and encodes standard audio CDs with the least effort required from user.
  • fre:ac – Free audio converter. It supports audio CD ripping and tag editing.
  • Jack – Command-line CD ripper.
  • K3b – Is a full-featured CD/DVD/Blu-ray burning and ripping application.
  • Koel – An open-source personal audio streaming server.
  • Lame – A high quality, free and open-source MP3 encoder.
  • lltag – Automatic command-line mp3/ogg/flac file tagger and renamer.
  • matchering – Containerized web application and library for automated reference audio mastering.
  • MusicBrainz – Open Encyclopedia for Music information and Metadata, providing a unique ID for everything.
  • Musikernel – A futuristic audio production platform (hardware support, APIs, hosts, plugins and more).
  • Rubyripper – Is a secure digital audio extraction application (“cd ripper”) for Unix-like operating systems.
  • SoX – A free open-source command line utility for playing, converting and manipulating audio files.
  • split2flac – Split flac/ape/wv/wav + cue sheet into separate tracks.
  • Whipper – Python CD-DA ripper preferring accuracy over speed.
  • X Audio Copy – GTK and GNOME application for ripping CD-Audio and encoding in lossy and lossless audio formats.

Audio Programming

  • Alda – A music programming language for musicians.
  • Bach: Automated Composer’s Helper – A cross-platform set of patches and externals for Max, aimed to bring the richness of computer-aided composition into the real-time world.
  • Chuck – Strongly-timed, concurrent, and on-the-fly music programming language.
  • CoffeeCollider – A language for real time audio synthesis and algorithmic composition in HTML5.
  • Composing Studio – An online, collaborative editor for music notation.
  • Common Music – An open source music composition system.
  • Csound – A user-programmable and user-extensible sound processing language and software synthesizer.
  • Faust – A functional programming language specifically designed for real-time signal processing and synthesis.
  • IanniX – A graphical open-source sequencer, based on Iannis Xenakis works, for digital art.
  • Inscore – An environment for the design of interactive, augmented music scores.
  • Leipzig – A composition library for Overtone.
  • Midica – MIDI programming language with decompiler and player, supports karaoke.
  • music21 – A Toolkit for Computational Musicology.
  • Music Suite – A language for generalized music notation and theory, based on Haskell.
  • Nyquist – A sound synthesis and composition language.
  • OpenMusic – A visual programming language based on Lisp.
  • Orca – Live programming environment for music.
  • Overtone – An Open Source toolkit for designing synthesizers and collaborating with music.
  • Platonic Music Engine – An open-source music generation framework written in Lua.
  • Pure Data – A visual programming language for audio and other multimedia.
  • py-modular – A modular and experimental programming environment with basic DSP routines in python.
  • Sonic Pi – A live coding synth with an emphasis on educational use.
  • Sporth – A small stack based audio language.
  • SuperCollider – A programming language for real time audio synthesis and algorithmic composition.
  • Tidal Lurk – A language built on Haskell for live coding patterns.

Backup tools

  • ArchiveBox – Archive any http sites.
  • BorgBackup – A deduplicating archiver with compression and encryption.
  • Cronopete – A backup utility for Linux, modeled after Apple’s Time Machine.
  • Déjà Dup – A personal backup tool to protect against accidental data loss.
  • Duplicati – A free backup software to store encrypted backups online in the cloud.
  • Restic – Restic is a modern backup program that can back up your files.
  • Timeshift – An app that takes incremental snapshots of the file system at regular intervals.
  • UrBackup – An open Source client/server backup system.


  • OandbackupX – Fork of OAndBackup bringing support for new Android versions and updated looks.
  • Seedvault – So far it is supported by CalyxOS, GrapheneOS, LineageOS, Crdroid.
  • cbackup – A fast and complete app & data backup script for Android.

Background remover

Barcode Scanner

  • BarcodeReader – Simple multi-format barcode/QR Code reader for Windows.


  • Binary Eye – Yet another barcode scanner for Android. Free, no ads and open source.
  • AndrOBD – Use your phone/tablet to connect to your car’s on-board diagnostics system via any ELM327 Bluetooth adapter.

Birthday Notifications

  • Birthday Calendar – Get a birthday calendar for all your social networks right inside Google Calendar.
  • BirthDay Droid – Helps you to remember your contact’s birthdays. It scans your local contact list looking for birthdays.

BitTorrent clients

  • Deluge – A lightweight, Free Software, cross-platform BitTorrent client.
  • LibreTorrent – A free torrent client for Android based on libtorrent.
  • qBittorent – An open-source software alternative to µTorrent.
  • rTorrent – A commend-line BitTorrent client.
  • Transmission – A cross-platform BitTorrent client.
  • WebTorrent – A multi-platform desktop app for streaming torrents.
  • Tribler – Privacy using our Tor-inspired onion routing, search and download torrents with less worries or censorship.


  • LibreTorrent – Copylefted libre software torrent client.
  • Transdroid – Allows you to manage your torrents. All popular clients are supported: µTorrent, Transmission, rTorrent, Vuze, Deluge, BitTorrent 6, qBittorrent and many more.

Blogging platforms

  • Bear – A privacy-first, no-nonsense, super-fast blogging platform.
  • concrete5 – Open source CMS which is easy to use.
  • Ghost – An open source platform for building and running a modern online publication.
  • Grav – A modern open source flat-file CMS.
  • Joomla – Self-hosted and open-source content management system.
  • Plume – A federated blogging application.
  • Simpleblogs – FLOSS blogging platform with a focus on privacy.
  • Telescope – A minimal, simple, and fast publishing platform with a focus on privacy.
  • WordPress self-hosted – An open source software you can use to create a beautiful website, blog, or app.
  • – A simple writing platform built to preserve and spread your words.
  • WriteFreely – An open-source platform for building a writing space on the web.

Bluetooth Auto Off

  • Greentooth – Greentooth can help you save battery and mitigate the security risks of Bluetooth by automatically turning Bluetooth off when it is no longer needed.

Camera apps

Contacts & calendars

Not so good in terms of privacy:

  • Google Calendar
  • S Planner / Calendar

Privacy oriented alternatives:

  • Baikal – Baïkal is a Calendar + Contacts server.
  • Etar Calendar – An open source calendar app for Android.
  • EteSync – End-to-end encrypted sync for your contacts, calendars, tasks and notes.
  • Fruux – Securely share, sync and collaborate in teams.
  • KAddressBook – The contact manager component of Kontact.
  • KOrganizer – The calendar and scheduling component of Kontact.
  • Lightning Calendar – A calendar fully integrated with Thunderbird.
  • Mailfence Calendar – Supports vCal/iCal import, export and can be accessed by using CalDAV.
  • Nextcloud Calendar – A user interface for Nextcloud’s CalDAV server.
  • Open-Xchange – A secure hosted email and productivity platform, designed for providers of all sizes to offer their customers email, calendar, storage, encryption and more.
  • ProtonCalendar – Free plan only supports 1 calendar.
  • Radicale – Self-hosted calendar server written in Python. WebUI for desktop, CalDav/CardDav for mobile sync. Can use a reverse proxy with Nginx for HTTPS.
  • Simple Calendar – A flexible calendar with many event related options.
  • Tutanota Calendar – Free cross-platform encrypted calendar. Allows importing of other Calendar files.


  • etar – Android calendar app.
  • ICSx⁵ – ICSx⁵ is an Android app to subscribe to remote (“Webcal”) or local iCalendar files.
  • Open Contacts – Hide contacts away from apps stealing your contacts information.
  • Simple Calendar – Be notified of the important moments in your life.

Search Engines

List of Github repositories and articles with list of dorks for different search engines.

Not so good in terms of privacy:

  • Bing
  • Google Search
  • Mojeek – Independent and unbiased search results with no user tracking in UK’s greenest data centre. Mojeek is unfortunately proprietary, similarly to most parts of other search engines (e.g. DDG or Qwant).
  • Yahoo Search
  • Yandex

Privacy oriented alternatives:

  • Blinde Kuh – Search engine for kids.
  • Brave Search – A privacy respecting search engine with its own index, which doesn’t rely on search engines like Google or Bing.
  • Ekoru – Privacy focused search engine that also aims to clean up the oceans.
  • Esteroids – A search engine for ENS+IPFS websites.
  • MetaGer – German based search engine.
    Gigablast – is a search provider focused on privacy and one of only a handful of search engines in the US that maintains its own index of over a billion pages.

Metasearch engine

Metasearch engines use another search engine’s data to produce its own results from the Internet.

  • Ecosia – Ecosia is a search engine based in Berlin, Germany which uses Bing as upper layer.
  • Oscobo – Oscobo is a search engine created for the sole purpose of protecting your privacy while you search the web.
  • Private – The search engine that cryptographically protects your privacy.
  • Qwant – A privacy oriented search engine made in France with no tracking.
  • SearX – Privacy-respecting metasearch engine.
  • Swisscows – 100% anonymous, child-friendly, own servers in the Swiss alps (no cloud provider), everything is located outside of the EU and US.
  • Whoogle Search – A self-hosted, ad-free, privacy-respecting Google metasearch engine.
  • YaCy – A free, open source and decentralized search engine.
  • Infinity Search – Infinity Search is a privacy metasearch engine that does not log any information about its users. In terms of privacy, it works the same way as DuckDuckGo.

Bittorrent Search Engines

  • Giga – Torrent search engine but the database is fetched locally from IPFS.
  • rats-search – BitTorrent search engine.

Detect Trackers in Apps

  • Exodus Privacy – Easily detect tracker before you install random apps.

Android microphone checker and jamming

  • PilferShush Jammer – Light Android AOSP application to test microphone jamming techniques to combat Cross-Device Tracking (XDT)


Firewall analysis

  • BlockCheck – A script that detects what kind of blocking (DNS, IP, DPI) your ISP is using (for Russia).
  • ChinaDNS – Protect yourself against DNS poisoning in China.
  • DPITunnel – DPI Tunnel is an application for Android that uses various techniques to bypass DPI (Deep Packet Inspection) systems, which are used to block some sites.
  • Geneva (Genetic Evasion) – Novel experimental genetic algorithm that evolves packet-manipulation-based censorship evasion strategies against nation-state level censors.
  • gfw_whitelist – A Pac File of the Whitelisted Websites for the Great Firewall of China (GFW).
  • GoodbyeDPI – Passive Deep Packet Inspection blocker and Active DPI circumvention utility (for Windows).
  • – Great Firewall of China ban list.
  • mongol – A simple python tool to pinpoint the IP addresses of machines working for the Great Firewall of China.
  • ooni-probe – OONI Probe network measurement tool for detecting internet censorship.


  • fwknop – Protects ports via Single Packet Authorization in your firewall.
  • OPNense – Is an open source, easy-to-use and easy-to-build FreeBSD based firewall and routing platform. OPNsense includes most of the features available in expensive commercial firewalls, and more in many cases. It brings the rich feature set of commercial offerings with the benefits of open and verifiable sources.
  • pfSense – Firewall and Router FreeBSD distribution.


Some of the listed apps are not traditional based firewalls, I included them anyway because the list is not that long.

  • AFWall+ – Firewall (iptables frontend), based on DroidWall.
  • Better Blocker – A privacy tool for Safari on iPhone, iPad, and Mac.
  • Nebulo – Nebulo is a free, open-source, no-root, light-weight dns-over-https, dns-over-tls, and dns-over-http-over-quic client for Android with emphasis on privacy and security. Nebulo is fast, highly-customizable, ad-free, efficient on the battery, contains zero analytics / tracking.
  • RethinkDNS + Firewall – Free and open source adblocker and firewall for Android.
  • TrackerControl – Allows users to monitor and control the widespread, ongoing, hidden data collection in mobile apps about user behaviour (“tracking”). To detect tracking, TrackerControl checks all network traffic against the Disconnect blocklist, used and trusted by the Mozilla Firefox browser.

Windows Firewall GUIs

  • Private WinTen (Private Win10) – Privacy tool for Windows with a built in firewall.
  • SimpleWall – Simple tool to configure Windows Filtering Platform (WFP) which can configure network activity on your computer.

Web Application Firewall

  • Curiefense – Curiefense adds a broad set of automated web security tools, including a WAF to Envoy Proxy.
  • ironbee – IronBee is an open source project to build a universal web application security sensor. IronBee as a framework for developing a system for securing web applications – a framework for building a web application firewall (WAF).
  • ModSecurity – ModSecurity is a toolkit for real-time web application monitoring, logging, and access control.
  • NAXSI – NAXSI is an open-source, high performance, low rules maintenance WAF for NGINX, NAXSI means Nginx Anti Xss & Sql Injection.
  • sql_firewall – SQL Firewall Extension for PostgreSQL.

ASN blockers

  • asnban – Python script to easily block all announced prefixes of the owner of any given IP address.
  • blockasn – Blocks IP subnets belonging to an autonomous system.
  • sirubo – ASN prefix (big tech) outbound traffic blocker.
  • tcp-wrapper-asn-filter – A simple way to filter IPs by ASN to deny or allow connections to SSH.

Censor Bypass

  • chnroutes– Modifies the route table to route only censored IPs through VPN.
  • code-talker-tunnel – Code Talker Tunnel (previously called SkypeMorph) is a protocol camouflaging tool, designed to reshape traffic output of any censorship circumvention tool to look like Skype video calls
  • Dust – A Polymorphic Engine for Filtering-Resistant Transport Protocols.
  • firefly-proxy – A proxy software to help circumventing the Great Firewall.
  • flashproxy – Miniature proxy that runs in a web browser, and reflects traffic to a Tor relay.
  • FTE – fteproxy provides transport-layer protection to resist keyword filtering, censorship and discriminatory routing policies.
  • fwlite – A powerful HTTP proxy server designed to circumvent the Great Firewall (GFW).
  • go-packetflagon – A local HTTP application that serves customized Proxy Auto Configuration files for your browser to help bypass Internet censorship.
  • gohop – A VPN implemention in golang, with crypto and obfuscation in nature.
  • gost – GO Simple Tunnel – a simple tunnel written in golang.
  • govpn – Simple secure VPN daemon, aimed to be reviewable, secure, DPI/censorship-resistant.
  • infranet – Infranet is a system that attempts to circumvent web censorship by allowing clients to surreptitiously request sensitive content via cooperating Web servers distributed across the global Internet.
  • iodine – This is a piece of software that lets you tunnel IPv4 data through a DNS server. This can be usable in different situations where internet access is firewalled, but DNS queries are allowed.
  • lantern – Lantern is a free desktop application that delivers fast, reliable and secure access to the open Internet for users in censored regions.
  • marionette – Marionette is a programmable client-server proxy that enables the user to control network traffic features with a lightweight domain-specific language.
  • meek – Tor pluggable transport that uses HTTP for carrying bytes and TLS for obfuscation.
  • MTProxy – Proxy server which helps telegram users who are inside censored areas still be able to connect to telegram
  • NaïveProxy – NaïveProxy uses Chrome’s network stack to camouflage traffic with stronger censorship resistence and less detectablility than custom-made network stacks (Shadowsocks and variants, V2Ray suite, handmade Golang stacks).
  • obfs4 – the newest version of the Tor obfsproxy obfuscation proxy. implements multiple pluggable transports.
  • obfsproxy with OpenVPN – OpenVPN traffic obfuscation using obfsproxy
  • obfsproxy – Tor framework for implementing pluggable transports (anti-censorship network tunnels).
  • obfuscated-openssh – Handshake obfuscation strengthens the initial SSH handshake against systems that identify or classify various network protocols by examining data in transit for static signatures.
  • scramblesuit – Tor pluggable transport that uses look-like-nothing traffic as a cover channel.
  • shadowsocks – A fast socks5 proxy that encrypts traffic.
  • stegotorus – StegoTorus, a tool that comprehensively disguises Tor from protocol analysis. To foil analysis of packet contents, Tor’s traffic is steganographed to resemble an innocuous cover protocol, such as HTTP.
  • streisand – Single command set for a server running a wide variety of anti-censorship software
  • telex – Involves placing anticensorship technology into the Internet’s core network infrastructure, through cooperation from large ISPs.
  • trojan – An unidentifiable mechanism that helps you bypass GFW
  • tunsafe – TunSafe is a fast and modern layer 3 VPN tunnel that implements the new and modern WireGuard protocol that is becoming increasingly popular in the VPN community due to its security, speed, reliability and ease of use. TunSafe was developed with the goal to bring the power of the WireGuard-protocol to all the Windows users around the world and in March 2018 the first version was released.
  • uproxy – uProxy is a browser extension that lets friends route their connection to their Internet through each other’s computers. It can help people with restricted or insecure access to the Internet get to the content they care about safely.
  • v2ray – A platform for building proxies to bypass network restrictions


  • DPITunnel – An Android app made for censorship bypass.

Deep Fakes Software

  • avatarify – Avatars for Zoom, Skype and other video-conferencing apps.
  • DeepFaceLab – DeepFaceLab is the leading software for creating deepfakes.
  • faceswap – Deepfakes Software For All.


  • DNSCloak – A GUI and wrapper for dnscrypt-proxy 2 for iOS.
  • dnscrypt-proxy v2 – A flexible DNS proxy, with support for encrypted DNS protocols.
  • DNSCrypt – Encrypts, authenticates and anonymizes communications between a DNS client and resolver.
  • Nebulo – An open-source Android client supporting DNS-over-HTTPS and DNS-over-TLS.
  • Unbound – A validating, recursive, and caching DNS resolver.
  • noisy – Simple random DNS, HTTP/S internet traffic noise generator.

Self-hosted DNS

  • Core DNS – CoreDNS is a DNS server. It is written in Go. It can be used in a multitude of environments because of its flexibility.
  • NSD – The NLnet Labs Name Server Daemon (NSD) is an authoritative, RFC compliant DNS nameserver. Here is a quick guide.
  • PowerDNS – PowerDNS, founded in the late 1990s, is a premier supplier of open source DNS software, services and support
  • DNS over TLS and TOR with Pi-Hole – Instructions for setting up DNS over TLS over TOR.


  • DNS Cloak – Override & secure your DNS with DNSCrypt & DNS-over-HTTPS/2 (DoH) resolvers. Works with WiFi & cellular.
  • InviZible – Android application for Internet privacy and security, it is more an all-in-one app but I wanted to list it under DNS.
  • LockDown – Stop Trackers & Badware.
  • personalDNSfilter – personalDNSfilter is a DNS filter proxy written in Java. It hooks into the domain name (DNS) resolution and returns the loopback address for filtered hosts. Available for Java enabled devices including Android (based on VPN)

DNS Servers

Do not blindly apply into any third-party DNS server, there are variables to consider like latency, privacy and security as well as the region you are from. Since I am from the EU/Swiss I only can list a handful providers. Listing 3 alternatives for every country would be too much for my list.

Not so good in terms of privacy:

Privacy oriented alternatives:

DNS latency matters

Network-wide ads & trackers blocking DNS server

  • AdGuard Home – Network-wide ads & trackers blocking DNS server.

Screen recording

  • Greenshot – A small screenshot tool with support for OCR, Office export and annotations.
  • Kap – An open-source screen recorder built with web technology.
  • Kazam – A simple screen recording program for Linux.
  • OBS Studio – A free and open source software for video recording and live streaming.
  • peek – Simple animated GIF screen recorder with an easy to use interface.
  • ScreenToGif – ScreenToGif allows you to record a selected area of your screen, edit and save it as a gif or video.
  • ShareX – ShareX is a free and open source program that lets you capture or record any area of your screen and share it with a single press of a key. It also allows uploading images, text or other types of files to many supported destinations you can choose from.
  • SimpleScreenRecorder – An easy to use screen recording program for Linux that supports OpenGL and X11.
  • Spectacle – A simple application for capturing desktop screenshots.


  • ScreenCam – Lightweight and functional screen recorder.

Video editors

  • Flowblade – A multitrack non-linear video editor.
  • Kdenlive – An open source and feature-rich video editor.
  • Olive – A free non-linear video editor for Windows, macOS, and Linux.
  • OpenShot – A simple and powerful video editing program.
  • Shotcut – A free, open source, cross-platform video editor.

Video transcoders


  • Ant Design Icons, by Ant Financial – Ant Design SVG Icons.
  • Bootstrap Icons – Official open source SVG icon library for Bootstrap.
  • Boxicons – Boxicons is a simple vector icons set carefully crafted for designers and developers to use in your next project.
  • CoreUI Icons – Premium designed free icon set with marks in SVG, Webfont and raster formats.
  • – Open-source CSS, SVG, and Figma UI Icons available in SVG Sprite, styled-components, NPM & API
  • Devicon – A set of icons representing programming languages, designing & development tools. You can use it as a font or directly copy/paste the svg code into your project.
  • DevUI Icons, by Huawei Cloud – DevUI font icons.
  • Eva Icons – Eva Icons is a pack of more than 480 beautifully crafted Open Source icons for common actions and items.
  • Feather – A collection of simply beautiful open source icons.
  • feather – Simply beautiful open source icons.
  • flaticon – 1,468,000 vector icons grouped in 30,310 packs.
  • Font Awesome – Scalable vector icons that can instantly be customized — size, color, drop shadow, and anything that can be done with the power of CSS.
  • Foundation Icon Fonts 2 – Custom icon sets that are stored in a handy web font and are coded to be more accessible. A couple lines of CSS and the right markup will get you going in no time.
  • Foundation Icon Fonts 3 – A custom collection of 283 icons.
  • Glyphicons – Is a library of precisely prepared monochromatic icons and symbols, created with an emphasis to simplicity and easy orientation.
  • Google Material Design Icons, by Google – Official Google Material Design Icons.
  • Govicons – Gov Icons is a font and CSS toolkit with 115 government themed icons.
  • Heroicons – A set of free MIT-licensed high-quality SVG icons for UI development.
  • Icofont – 2100+ free icons to spice up your creative designs.
  • icoMoon – 490+ free Icons.
  • – Free, “do wtf you want with” pixel-perfect SVG icons.
  • Iconic – An open source icon set with 223 marks in SVG, webfont and raster formats.
  • iconmonstr – Discover over 3000 free simple icons in various collections.
  • icons – Official open source SVG icon library for Bootstrap.
  • icons8 – 63,900 Free Flat Icons.
  • IconSweets2 – Is a huge set containing over 1,000 custom designed icons. IconSweets 2 will quench your icon thirst for all your iPhone, iPad & Android apps or new web projects.
  • Ionicons – The premium icon font for Ionic Framework.
  • Jam Icons – Jam icons is a set of icons designed for web projects, illustrations, print projects, etc. Shipped in JavaScript, font & SVG versions.
  • Marka – 36 Beautiful transformable icons.
  • Octicons – All GitHub’s icons.
  • Pepicons – Pepicons is a completely original 80s themed set of hand-crafted icons, made in two retro variants: Pop! and Print.
  • pictonic – Over 260+ free icons.
  • Remix Icon – Remix Icon is a set of open-source neutral-style system symbols elaborately crafted for designers and developers.
  • RPG-Awesome – A fantasy themed font and CSS toolkit.
  • Simple icons – Over 1000 Free SVG icons for popular brands.
  • SuperTinyIcons – Miniscule SVG versions of website and app logos, under 1KB each.
  • svg-icon – An ultimate svg icons collection done right, with over 4,000 SVG icons out of the box.
  • teenyicons – Tiny minimal 1px icons designed to fit in the smallest places.
  • Themify Icons – Themify Icons is a complete set of icons for use in web design and apps, consisting of 320+ pixel-perfect, hand-crafted icons that draw inspiration from Apple iOS 7.
  • TheNounProject – Search over 150,000 icons designed by creators from around the world.
  • uiw-icons – The premium icon font for UIW Framework.
  • zondicons – A set of free premium SVG icons for you to use on your digital products.


  • Ameixa – Port of TwelF CMTheme for many launchers.
  • Articons – Arcticons is a line-based icon pack with over 2100 icons! Originally forked from Frost, but rebuild with consistent sizing and adjustments specifically for lines in mind.

Icon tools

  • fontello – Icon fonts generator.
  • Orion icon library – Generate icon fonts or download icons in multiple formats.
  • svg-icon – Select as many SVG icons as you need, and download as an SVG symbols sprite file.
  • svgtofont – Read a set of SVG icons and output a TTF/EOT/WOFF/WOFF2/SVG font.

Web Browser

Check the Browser + WebView Comparison Table before you use something. In general I do not list any clown forks who offers no or less benefits because you can do it yourself without depending on a third-party project (in most cases).

Not so good in terms of privacy:

Android / iOS

  • Brave Browser – If you use Brave Browser on Desktop, then keep it for mobile too.
  • Bromite – Android version which includes some hardening and additional tweaks/changes.
  • Ungoogled Chromium – Ungoogled-Chromium-Android is the Android version of Ungoogle-Chromium.
  • Fennec F-Droid – A privacy-focused version of Firefox Android available on F-Droid.
  • Lightning Browser – A lightweight Android browser with modern navigation (Price: Free (Pro version $1.50 on Google Play or free on F-Droid)).
  • Privacy Browser – Android
  • Firefox – Android/iOS – Mozilla is evaluating Firefox usage by changing the default search engine to Bing.
    Mull – Privacy hardened fork of Firefox for Android, with proprietary blobs removed.
  • Tor Browser – Android/iOS – Stay away from extensions who claim to add tor functionality into the Browser.
  • SnowHaze – SnowHaze empowers you to take back the control over your personal data, and we spare no effort to provide you the most secure browsing experience and internet access.

Web Browser Extensions

  • uBlock Origin (not needed with Brave Browser)
  • Referer Control – Control the HTTP Referer on a per-site basis.
  • Canvas Blocker (Fingerprint protect) (not needed with Brave Browser)
  • Prevent CSS Exfil attack (not needed with Brave Browser)
  • Keyboard Privacy – Not needed with Brave Browser or Tor Browser or in case you use anti-keylogger AVs/software.
  • Temporary Containers – Open tabs, websites, and links in automatically managed disposable containers. Containers isolate data websites store (cookies, storage, and more) from each other, enhancing your privacy and security while you browse.

Web Browser Extensions you do not need


Peer-to-Peer based

  • beakerbrowser – An experimental peer-to-peer Web browser.
  • Stealth – Secure, Peer-to-Peer, Private and Automatable Web Browser/Scraper/Proxy.

Text based

  • – Browsh is a fully-modern text-based browser. It renders anything that a modern browser can; HTML5, CSS3, JS, video and even WebGL.

Web Browser Benchmarks

  • ARES-6 – Various tests using the newest web standards and features.
  • Basemark – Various tests using the newest web standards and features.
  • JetStream – JavaScript benchmark developed by Apple.
  • Kraken – JavaScript benchmark developed by Mozilla.
  • MotionMark – Graphics benchmark developed by the WebKit team.
  • Octane – JavaScript benchmark developed by Google.
  • Speedometer – Performance benchmark that repeats the same actions using DOM APIs.
  • WebXPRT – HTML5 and JavaScript test developed by benchmark maker Principled Technologies.

Browser Syncing

  • xBrowserSync – Browser syncing as it should be: secure, anonymous and free!
  • EteSync – Secure, end-to-end encrypted, and privacy respecting sync for your contacts, calendars, tasks and notes.


  • Bromite WebView – Bromite WebView is a version of Android System WebView with support for ad blocking and enhanced privacy.
    WebView Switcher – A tool for installing Bromite WebView on Android 10 (and higher).

Hide your referrer

  • – Hide your referrer and create an anonymous link that will hide the HTTP Referer header.

Photo Storage

Not so good in terms of privacy:

  • Google Photos
    Google Photos Takeout Helper – Script that organizes the Google Takeout messy archive into one big chronological folder. Use this script to get out of Google Photos.
  • Amazon Photos
  • Samsung Photos


  • DAVx⁵ – Synchronization solution for both contacts (CardDAV) and calendars (CalDAV). Requires a hosting server. Previously known as DAVdroid. (Price: 3.33€ (Google Play), Free (F-Droid))
  • DigiKam – Awesome Professional Photo Management with the Power of Open Source.
  • LibrePhotos – Active OwnPhotos fork. Self-hosted alternative to Google Photos.
  • Lychee – An open-source self-hosted photo-management tool that includes built-in support for videos.
  • Nextcloud – The open source self-hosted productivity platform that keeps you in control. It has a Photos plugin to help you organize and visualize your photos. E2EE is still unstable on Nextcloud, especially when it may cause data loss if the user did not backup their files and enabling it without knowing.
  • ownCloud – ownCloud is an open-source file sync, share and content collaboration software that lets teams work on data easily from anywhere, on any device.
  • ownPhotos – Self-hosted and open-source Google Photos alternative.
  • Photoprism – Feature rich server-based application for browsing, organizing and sharing your personal photo collection. The most similar to Google Photos.
  • Photostructure – Self-hosted photo library that makes browsing and sharing a lifetime of memories delightful.
  • Photoview – Photo gallery for self-hosted personal servers with Facial Recognition.
  • Pigallery2 – A self-hosted directory-first photo gallery website.
  • Piwigo – Self-hosted and open-source cloud photo manager.


  • Stingle Photos – Open source solution that provides strong security, privacy and encryption to backup your photos.
  • – A private and encrypted place for all your photos, documents, notes and more.
  • Ente – Encrypted backups for your photos, videos and memories.
  • IMGZ – A paid image sharing site that doesn’t make you the product.


  • DAVx⁵ – CalDAV/CardDAV Synchronization and Client.
  • Piwigo Android – Piwigo Native Android App.
  • Stingle Photos – A convenient, easy to use Gallery/Camera application with Backup and Sync functionality for your photos and videos which seamlessly provides strong security, privacy and encryption.

Local public transport

  • Maps – Open-source navigation app based on MAPS.ME.
  • Organic Maps – An Android & iOS offline maps app for travelers, tourists, hikers, and cyclists based on top of crowd-sourced OpenStreetMap data.
  • Transportr – Transportr is a non-profit app developed by people around the world in their free time.
  • Öffi Stations – Öffi is a public transport Android app (also shows delays and replacement bus service for more and more transport authorities in Europe and beyond) – similar to Transportr app.

URL changer for YouTube, Twitter…

  • UntrackM – UntrackMe once set by default to open Twitter, YouTube and Instagram links will transform them into Nitter, Invidious and Bibliogram links and delegate the action to another app.


  • Podigee Podcast Player – The Podigee Podcast Player is a state of the art web audio player specially crafted for listening to podcasts.


  • AntennaPod – Easy-to-use, flexible and open-source podcast manager and player.
  • Anytime Podcast Player – The simple Podcast playing app built with Dart & Flutter.


  • RadioDroid – Browse and stream internet radios.
  • Transistor – Transistor is an app for listening to radio programs over the internet.


  • Zapp – Zapp ist Teil von MediathekView und gibt dir einen schnellen Zugang zu vielen deutschen öffentlich-rechtlichen Fernsehsendern. Schaue ARD, ZDF und andere Sender live oder aus der Mediathek.

Monitor Website changes

Pin Brute-Force Protection

  • Wrong PIN Shutdown – This simple app monitors the number of failed login attempts. If a certain number of attempts is exceeded, the device is automatically shut down.

Auto Airplane Mode

  • Auto Airplane Mode – Schedule airplane mode based on your settings, e.g. by date/time. Root access is required to write secure system settings!

PDF tools

PDF merging

  • PDFWrench – Free PDF merging tool that works without any file upload to ensure privacy.

PDF Reader

  • Document Viewer – A highly customizable document viewer for Android.
  • Evince – A document viewer for multiple document formats.
  • MuPDF – A lightweight and customizable PDF and XPS viewer.
  • Okular – A universal document viewer developed by KDE.
  • PDF Viewer Plus – A simple Pdf document viewer for Android.
  • Sioyek – Sioyek is a PDF viewer designed for reading research papers and technical books.
  • Skim – A PDF reader and note-taker for macOS.
  • SumatraPDF – A multi-format reader for Windows.
  • zathura – A highly customizable and functional document viewer.

PDF Editor

  • PDF Converter – PDF Converter is an easy to use application to convert Images to PDF.

PDF Scanner

  • Open Note Scanner – With Open Note Scanner you can capture documents, handwritten notes, arts, shopping receipts, etcetera.

Ebook readers

  • Bookworm – A simple, focused eBook reader.
  • Calibre Web – An app for browsing eBooks stored in a Calibre database.
  • Calibre – The one stop solution to all your e-book needs.
  • Duofolio – An ebook reader that helps you read books in other languages.
  • Foliate – A simple and modern eBook viewer for Linux desktops.
  • KOReader – A document viewer for E Ink devices.
  • Librera Reader – All-Format eBook Reader for Android.
  • Thorium Reader – An EPUB reader of choice for Windows 10, macOS and Linux.

Photo Editing and Management

Not so good in terms of privacy:

  • Adobe Photoshop
  • Adobe Illustrator
  • Adobe Lightroom


  • Akira – A native Linux app for UI and UX design.
  • Alva – An app to create living prototypes with code components.
  • Czkawka – Multi functional app to find duplicates and similar images etc.
  • Darktable – An open source photography workflow application and raw developer.
  • Filmulator – A simplified raw editing software with the power of film.
  • GIMP – The Free & Open Source Image Editor.
  • Inkscape – Inkscape is a free and open-source vector graphics editor used to create vector images.
  • Krita – Krita is a free and open source digital painting application
  • – An open source wireframing tool.
  • MyPaint – A painting tool for digital artists.
  • Pencil Project – An open-source GUI prototyping tool.
  • Penpot – An open Source design and prototyping platform meant for cross-domain teams.
  • RawTherapee – A free, cross-platform raw image processing program.
  • Scribus – An open source desktop publishing software.
  • Seashore – An open source image editor for macOS.
  • Wireflow – An online and open source tool for creating beautiful user flow prototypes.


  • Exif-Remove – Remove exif data from all digital pictures in current directory by typing exif.
  • ImagePipe – Reduces image size and removes exif-tags when sharing images on android devices.
  • MAT – Metadata Anonymisation Toolkit.
  • Pocket Paint – The standard image manipulation app for Catroid.
  • Scrambled Exif – Remove Exif data from pictures before sharing them.

Cloud Storage

Not so good in terms of privacy:

Privacy oriented alternatives:

  • Nextcloud – The open source self-hosted productivity platform that keeps you in control. There is also an PI Image ready to use. Tools like Cryptomator can also be used to encrypt your storage before syncing with its server.
  • ProtonDrive – You can now secure your files with end-to-end encryption.
  • Seafile – High performance file syncing and sharing. It includes a Wiki, WYSIWYG editing and other knowledge management features.
  • SpiderOak ONE – End-to-end no-knowledge encryption, Edward Snowden endorsed!.
  • Tahoe-LAFS – Capability-secure, end-to-end encryption, provider-independent privacy. Storage providers cannot read stored data.
  • Tresorit – An end-to-end encrypted file sync and sharing solution.
  • Woelkli – Your files encrypted, accessible from anywhere on any device, not FOSS.
  • Sync – End-to-end encrypted Google Drive/Dropbox replacement.
  • JottaCloud – Norway based cloud storage provider with free and paid plans.
  • Cozy Cloud – French based cloud storage provider with free and paid plans. Can also be self-hosted and is open-source. And it also offers a collaborative notes editor.
  • Filecloud Community Edition – Dropbox-like enterprise class file sharing and sync solution for home or business.
  • Diode – For individuals and organizations who want to safeguard their digital sovereignty. It is a high security, end-to-end encrypted solution for file sharing, collaboration, and backup that prioritizes security and confidentiality.



  • Anoxinon Share (50 MB) – Clean and simple file-sharing made in Germany.
  • Cryptomator – Cryptomator encrypts your data quickly and easily. Afterwards you upload them protected to your favorite cloud service.
  • Disroot Upload (2 GB) – Simple and easy file sharing.
  • MuWire – File-sharing over I2P.
  • NowTransfer (2 GB) – No tracking, no logging and no advertising.
  • Rclone – Rclone is a command line program to manage files on cloud storage. It is a feature rich alternative to cloud vendors’ web storage interfaces and like the tools listed above enables encryption for encrypting files in the cloud.
    RCX – Android GUI for rclone. Manage files across many cloud services in a simple way under one interface.
    Rclone Remount – Remount cloud storage locally during boot via rclone & fusermount directly on your Android powered smart device.
  • Syncthing – Continuous file synchronization program. It synchronizes files between two or more computers in real time, safely protected from prying eyes.
  • Uploadgram – File sharing service that uses the Telegram network as file storage.
  • uMTP-Responder – Lightweight Media Transfer Protocol (MTP) responder daemon for GNU/Linux (USB).

Send files between devices

Self-hosted File-Sharing

  • Lufi – Lufi means Let’s Upload that File. It’s a E2E encrypted file sharing software.
  • OnionShare – OnionShare is an open source tool that lets you securely and anonymously share files, host websites, and chat with friends using the Tor network.
  • Nextcloud – The self-hosted productivity platform that keeps you in control.

Encryption (File/FDE)

  • Bcrypt – Cross-platform file encryption utility.
  • blackbox – safely store secrets in Git/Mercurial/Subversion.
  • certbot – Previously the Let’s Encrypt Client, is EFF’s tool to obtain certs from Let’s Encrypt, and (optionally) auto-enable HTTPS on your server. It can also act as a client for any other CA that uses the ACME protocol.
  • Coherence – Cryptographic server for modern web apps.
  • Cryptomator – Cryptomator encrypts your data quickly and easily. Afterwards you upload them protected to your favorite cloud service.
  • Cryptsetup – Cryptsetup and LUKS – open-source disk encryption.
  • Databunker – API based personal data or PII storage service built to comply with GDPR and CCPA.
  • Enigma Reloaded – Offline ready web app, that allows encrypted communication across less trustworthy channels.
  • Filen – Zero knowledge end-to-end encrypted cloud storage, redefined.
  • gpg – Complete and free implementation of the OpenPGP standard. It allows to encrypt and sign your data and communication, features a versatile key management system. GnuPG is a command line tool with features for easy integration with other applications.
    Opmsg – A GPG Alternative.
  • – A Free, Fast, Secure and Serverless File Encryption.
  • ironssh – End-to-end encrypt transferred files using sftp/scp and selectively share with others. Automatic key management works with any SSH server. Encrypted files are gpg compatible.
  • Kryptor – A free and open source file encryption software.
  • Nipe – Nipe is a script to make Tor Network your default gateway.
  • Picocrypt – A very small (hence “Pico”), very simple, yet very secure file encryption tool.
  • rubberhose – Julian Assange’s deniable-encryption filesystem.
  • SiriKali – A Qt/C++ GUI application that manages ecryptfs, cryfs, encfs, gocryptfs, fscrypt and securefs based encrypted folders
  • sops – sops is an editor of encrypted files that supports YAML, JSON and BINARY formats and encrypts with AWS KMS, GCP KMS, Azure Key Vault and PGP.
  • StegCloak – Hide secrets with invisible characters in plain text securely using passwords.
  • Tomb – A free and open source system for file encryption on GNU/Linux.
  • Veracrypt – VeraCrypt is a free open source disk encryption software for Windows, macOS and Linux.
  • ves – End-to-end encrypted sharing via cloud repository, secure recovery through a viral network of friends in case of key loss.

Git encryption / privacy

  • git-crypt – Transparent file encryption in git.
  • git-secret – Bash-tool to store your private data inside a git repository.
  • gitmask – Contribute to git anonymous.
  • GitTorrent – Is a peer-to-peer network of Git repositories being shared over BitTorrent.

Web based encryption tools

  • Boxentriq – Easy to use tools for analysis and code-breaking of the most frequent ciphers, including Vigenère, Beaufort, Keyed Caesar, Transposition Ciphers, etc.
  • Cryptolab – is a set of cryptography related tools.
  • CrypTool – Great variety of ciphers, encryption methods and analysis tools are introduced, often together with illustrated examples.
  • CyberChef – a web app for encryption, encoding, compression, and data analysis.
  • – is tool used to store known factorizations of any number.

Two Factor Authentication (2FA)

Not so good in terms of privacy:

  • Aegis – A free, secure and open source app for Android to manage your 2-step verification tokens. Supports variety of imports from other apps (Google Authenticator, Authy etc.), vault encryption and exporting keys (plaintext or encrypted).
  • andOTP – One of the oldest and first 2FA app for Android.
  • andOTP – Open source two-factor authentication for Android.
  • Authenticator Pro – Two-Factor Authentication (2FA) client for Android + Wear OS.
  • Authy
  • FreeOTP+ – Enhanced fork of FreeOTP-Android providing a feature-rich 2FA authenticator.
  • Google Authenticator
  • Microsoft Authenticator
  • OTP Auth (iOS) – 2-Factor Auth for Pros.
  • Raivo OTP – A native, lightweight and secure one-time-password (OTP) client built for iOS.
  • Tofu – Open-source 2FA for iOS.
    Privacy oriented alternatives:

File Management and Sharing

Not so good in terms of privacy:

Privacy oriented alternatives:

  • Blaze – A fast, p2p and radically different way to transfer files.
  • Send – Simple, private file sharing. Send.
  • Lufi – Let’s Upload that FIle — File sharing software.
  • Dat-cp – Copy files between hosts on a network using the peer-to-peer Dat network.
  • QRcp – Transfer files over WiFi from your computer to your mobile device by scanning a QR code without leaving the terminal.
  • Snapdrop – A Progressive Web App for local file sharing inspired by Apple’s Airdrop.
  • Paperless-ng – A supercharged version of paperless: scan, index and archive all your physical documents.
    Paperless – [Now archived] Scan, index, and archive all of your paper documents.
  • OnionShare – An open source tool that lets you securely and anonymously share files, host websites, and chat with friends using the Tor network.
  • Wormhole – Simple, private file sharing.
  • Tresorit – Free, End-to-end encrypted alternative for file sending. Up to 5GB.

Maps and Navigation

Not so good in terms of privacy:

  • Google Maps
  • Apple Maps
  • Yandex Maps
  • Bing Maps
  • Waze
  • Sygic
  • HERE WeGo
  • Petal Maps
  • TomTom
  • Navigon

Privacy oriented alternatives:

  • DuckDuckGo Maps for Browser – Useful for finding directions, and commercial listings as it is powered by Apple Maps for the business listings. controversial
  • Open Street Map (OSM) – OpenStreetMap is built by a community of mappers that contribute and maintain data about roads, trails, cafés, railway stations, and much more, all over the world.
    OSMAnd – Android/iOS Navigation app using OSM. It is a feature-rich app with all you expect.
    Benmaps – Alternative based on OpenStreetMap
  • Qwant Maps – An OpenStreetMap-based private Google Maps alternative.
  • Organic Maps – Great offline maps for hikers and cyclists.
  • Pure Maps – Pure Maps is a full-featured map and navigation application allowing you to explore maps, search for addresses and points of interest, as well as assist with navigation. For that, it uses either offline OSM Scout Server or online service providers. Available for Ubuntu Touch, Sailfish OS and as flatpak package.
  • uNav – uNav is powered by OpenStreetMaps and Mapzen, available only on Ubuntu Touch.
  • Maps Metager
  • MAPS.ME – An open source cross-platform offline maps application.
  • Magic Earth – A free maps and navigation app based on OpenStreetMap data.

Location tracking

Not so good in terms of privacy:

  • Google location history
  • Google FindMyDevice

Privacy oriented alternatives:

  • Private Location – Keep your phone location private.
  • OpenTracks – OpenTracks – Ein GPS-Tracker, der deine Daten für sich behält.
  • My Position – Share your location, easily and lightly. Supports plain coordinates, geo:-URI, OpenStreetMap- and GoogleMaps-Links.


UnifiedNLP Backends used for MicroG

If location (NLP) is not working, download and install this and enable High Accuracy Location and open SatStat. Wait for it to get your location. Don’t close SatStat app instead minimize it and open MicroG Settings > Self-Check. All boxes should be checked.


  • Nextcloud Phonetrack – Nextcloud app to track location history with an Android app (other apps also supported). Supports caching positions offline and sending them to the server in batches. The first-party app has good battery saving options.
  • OwnTracks – Location tracking for displaying the current location only (limited location history functionality).
  • Traccar – Location tracking software made for dedicated GPS logging devices.
  • UnifiedNLP – Most modern ROMs come with support for non-Google geolocation providers. On these systems UnifiedNlp can be installed as a user app to replace the network location provider.
  • DejaVu – Mobile/cell and WLAN/Wi-Fi based network provider for UnifiedNlp and microG.
  • MozillaNlpBackend – Location calculation is done online and therefor requires internet connection.
  • NominatimNlpBackend – MapQuest’s Nominatim service (based on OpenStreetMap) for geocoding.

Find My Device

File Manager

Not so good in terms of privacy:

  • Astro File Manager
  • ES Datei Explorer
  • Solid Explorer

Privacy oriented alternatives:

  • FileGator – Powerful Multi-User File Manager – FileGator is a free, open-source, self-hosted web application for managing files and folders.
  • Files – A modern file manager that pushes the boundaries of the platform.
  • Sigma File Manager – “Sigma File Manager” is a free, open-source, quickly evolving, modern file manager (explorer / finder) app for Windows, MacOS, and Linux.
  • winfile – Original Windows File Manager (winfile) with enhancements.


  • Amaze File Manager – Material designed with an app manager and many colorful skins. Compress and extract files, save bookmarks, and view history.


Not so good in terms of privacy:

  • Google Translate
  • DeepL – The premium version (DeepL Pro) does not keep your data after it is translated. They specify that the texts are deleted immediately. DeepL’s terms of usage disallow submitting any text containing personal data, and submitted text will be retained for a certain amount of time.
  • Bing Translator
  • Linguee

Privacy oriented alternatives:

  • Apertium – A free/open-source machine translation platform, runs offline on your computer
  • Libretranslate – Open Source Machine Translation – 100% Self-Hosted. No Limits. No Ties to Proprietary Services.
  • Lingva Translate – AGPLv3 licensed translation.
  • Mitzuli – Translator for Android featuring a full offline mode, voice input (ASR), camera input (OCR), voice output (TTS), and more!
  • Softcatala – Open Source Translation tool – Only Catalan/Spanish/English/French (uses apertium).
  • TranslateLocally – Free/open-source neural MT, runs offline on your computer.

Alternative Google Translate frontends

  • Lingva – Alternative front-end for Google Translate. Demo.
  • Simplytranslate – Alternative front-end for Google Translate and LibreTranslate. Demo.


  • OpenL Translator – Open source front-end to the high-quality DeepL machine translation services (available for English, German, French, Spanish, Italian, Dutch and Polish).

Google Doodle alternatives

App management

  • Apk Extractor – Extract APKs from your device, even if installed from the Playstore. Needs Root access.
  • AppManager
  • Batch Uninstaller – Uninstall multiple applications at once.
  • OpenAPK – App manager uninstall, hide, disable, extract, share

Android Keyboard

Not so good in terms of privacy:

Privacy oriented alternatives:

  • 8VIM – Open-source. A “text editor inside a keyboard, drawing it’s inspiration from 8pen and Vim.”
  • AnySoftKeyboard – The only Android keyboard you’ll ever need. Free as in speech and Free as in beer.
  • BeHe Keyboard – With BeHe Keyboard you can enjoy programming and using special keys (such as CTRL and ALT) on your android device without forgetting the design.
  • CompassKeyboard – CompassKeyboard’s main goal is to enable entering any character (including international characters and symbols of computer languages as well) with the same layouts.
  • FlorisBoard – An open-source keyboard for Android. Currently in alpha/early-beta stage.
  • Hacker’s Keyboard – An older keyboard, but still works at least from Android 2.3 through Android 10 and has a good Dvorak layout.
  • Indic Keyboard – Open-source keyboard that supports many languages that other keyboards sometimes don’t support.
  • kboard – A keyboard designed for fast responses.
  • MaxieKeyboard
  • Multiling O Keyboard™ – F-Droid version planned.
  • OpenBoard – FOSS keyboard, based on AOSP.
  • Remote Keyboard – The app connects your desktop computer’s keyboard via wlan (can be forwarded over USB via ADB) to your android device so that you can control it comfortably.
  • Simple Keyboard – A simple open source keyboard.
  • WiFiKeyboard – Use your computer as a keyboard for your device, via a browser pointed to an address on the same LAN.

Google Alerts

  • F5 Bot – Emails you when your selected keywords are mentioned on Reddit, Hacker News, or Lobsters.

Google Earth

  • KDE Marble – Currently only on Linux, but is being ported to other platforms.

Google Forms

  • BlockSurvey – BlockSurvey enables digital rights (identity and data ownership) to users using Blockstack’s blockchain. Users truly own their data with BlockSurvey.

Google Music

  • Audinaut – An open-source Airsonic client for Android.
  • MALP – An open-source Android client for MPD. Available on F-Droid.
  • Shuttle+ – Open-source local music player for Android. Available on F-Droid or by direct download.

Google Kepp

  • GitJournal – Your Markdown notes stores in any Git Repo. Available for both Android (Play Store) and iOS.
  • Joplin – Open-source notes/todo app. Available for Windows, macOS, Linux, Android, and iOS. Also offers a terminal version.
  • Nextcloud Notes – A distraction free notes taking app for Nextcloud. It provides categories for better organization and supports formatting using Markdown syntax.
  • Notesnook – A truly zero-knowledge note taking app, encrypted using XChaChaPoly1305-IETF & Argon2. It is available on Windows, macOS, Linux, Android, iOS, and has browser extensions too. It is not self-hostable and follows a freemium model.
  • QOwnNotes – Open-source file editor with Markdown support. (thanks u/maqp2)
  • Standard Notes – Encrypted note storage with loads of features. Offers a web app as well as downloads for most operating systems. Has a paid plan, but the free tier has many useful features as well.
  • TiddlyWiki – An open-source personal note-taking system that can run in the browser as a single HTML file or as a NodeJS application. It can be stored locally on a hard drive or removable drive, self-hosted on one’s own server, or use various web-based storage options.
  • Turtl – Encrypted collaborative notebook with possibility of running your own server.

Google Classroom

  • Canvas – Paid service by Instructure. Also available as a self-hosted, open-source option.
  • ILIAS – Self-hosted open-source classroom software.
  • Moodle – Self-hosted open-source Classroom software for schools. Very powerful.

Android App Store

Not so good in terms of privacy:

  • Amazon Appstore
  • Google Play Store
  • Samsung Appstore

Privacy oriented alternatives:

Alternative Google Play Store clients

  • Aurora Store – Aurora Store is an open-source alternative Google Play Store frontend client with privacy and modern design in mind.
  • Yalp Store – APKs from Google Play Store.

Android home screen launchers

Not so good in terms of privacy:

  • All third party launchers found on the play store. They may contain ads/trackers and may ask for unnecessary permissions.

Privacy oriented alternatives:

  • KISS – Lightning fast, open-source, < 200kb Android launcher.
  • Lawnchair – No clever tagline needed.
  • Olauncher – Minimal AF (ad-free) launcher app for Android.
  • Omega – Active development with lots of nice features.
  • OpenLauncher – Customizable and Open Source Launcher for Android.
  • Ruthless Pixel Launcher – A fork of Amir’s launcher3 and various cherry-picks from great GitHub people compiled by shubbyy.
  • Shade Launcher – Active development with lots of nice features.
  • Simple App Launcher – A simple holder for favorite apps for quick & easy app launcher icon management.
  • Unlauncher – The goal of Unlauncher is to provide a clean and simple Android launcher experience. We believe you should have easy access to all of your apps without the distraction of bells, whistles, and notifications clamouring for your attention. You want to be able to use your phone, not have your phone use you!

Social Networks and Platforms

Note: Alternative clients will share your IP with the service as they make direct requests.


Don’t use Instagram (or at least the official client). Instagram is a very privacy-invasive app with biased results and feeds based on user profiles, it is also used as a manipulation tool and has a lot of censorship going against free speech. Lastly, it has an addictive and toxic UI design.

Privacy oriented alternatives:

  • PixelFed – A free and ethical photo sharing platform.

Alternatives to Instagram

  • Haven – Self-hosted (or paid), Open Source private blogging platform. Markdown editing, supports images, video, and private RSS.
  • – A simple, free, and privacy-focused wishlist for all occasions. Create shareable wishlists to help friends and family find the perfect gift for you. Not FOSS.

Alternative Instagram clients
Keep in mind that there are some problems coming from Instagram’s end.

  • Bibliogram – Watch Instagram’s public profile in a friendlier page that loads faster, gives downloadable images, eliminates ads and doesn’t urge you to sign up.


Don’t use YouTube (or at least the official client). YouTube is very privacy invasive, it generates a very accurate profile based on your interests. Also it is a radicalization tool which shows biased content to users in order to get more engagement and to get them to watch more and more content creating an addiction. It never shows you alternative opinions to your ideology/bias. YouTube censors a lot. YouTube collects a LOT of your data: interests, free time, ideology, likes, dislikes, music taste, etc.

Privacy oriented alternatives:

  • BitChute – Another alternative to YouTube. Peer to peer video sharing platform.
  • – Crypto-powered decentralized video sharing service.
  • Peertube – A free, open and decentralized alternative to video platforms.
    SimpleerTube – A simple frontend for PeerTube with SepiaSearch Source.
    US.TV – PeerTube instance hosted by
  • DTube – A full-featured video sharing website, decentralized via IPFS.

YouTube alternative clients:

  • Piped – An alternative privacy-friendly YouTube frontend which is efficient by design.
  • Invidious – Alternative and privacy respecting YouTube frontend.
  • Yotter – YouTube and Twitter with privacy. Never share any of your data to YouTube, yet be able to watch YouTube videos.
  • NewPipe – Alternative Android YouTube app. No account needed, privacy respecting, no ads.
    NewPipeX Sponsorblock – NewPipe fork that incorporates Sponsorblock.
  • SkyTube – Alternative Android YouTube app. No account needed, privacy respecting, no ads.
  • FreeTube – FreeTube is an open source desktop YouTube player built with privacy in mind. Uses Local RSS API or Invidious for back-end.
  • youtube-local – Browser-based client for watching YouTube anonymously and with greater page performance.
    yt-local – (Fork of youtube-local) Browser-based client for watching YouTube anonymously without forcing JavaScript.
  • iYTBP – YouTube without ads and background playback Magisk Module.
  • mps-youtube (pc) – mps-youtube also known as mpsyt is a command line app that let’s you hear to YouTube music without using all your CPU in rendering the background image.
  • ViewTube – ViewTube is an alternative YouTube frontend with SponsorBlock functionality (Uses Invidious instances for backend).
  • YouTube Vanced – Vanced is a well-known modded version of the YouTube app with many features such as ad-blocking and background playback.
  • SmartTubeNext – Ad free app for watching tube videos on Android TV boxes.


  • AllSides – Unbiased news source, primarily for US politics.
  • Miniflux – Miniflux is a minimalist and opinionated feed reader. Completely open-source, along with automatically removing pixel trackers.
  • Local newspaper – Support independent and qualitative journalism in your community.


  • Flym – Open-source Material Design RSS reader.
  • Feede – Use good old-fashioned RSS feeds with Feeder.

News Groups

  • Sympa – Sympa is an open-source mailing list manager. It provides advanced features with a rich and secure web interface.
  • GNU Mailman – Mailman is free software for managing electronic mail discussion and e-newsletter lists. Mailman is integrated with the web, making it easy for users to manage their accounts and for list owners to administer their lists. Mailman supports built-in archiving, automatic bounce processing, content filtering, digest delivery, spam filters, and more.
  • Discourse – Discourse is the 100% open-source discussion platform built for the next decade of the Internet. Use it as a mailing list, discussion forum, or long-form chat room.
  • – A privacy focused email list system that does not track you, nor your members. It is not open source. Data is hosted on one central server but the server is encrypted. It has modern email group features such as a wiki, integrations, and RSS import support.

RSS Reader

  • AirSS – A back end-less RSS reader.
  • Akregator
  • Evolution
  • Feedbin – You can subscribe not only to RSS feeds, but also Twitter accounts and email newsletters.
  • Feeder – Small Android application to read RSS feeds.
  • FreshRSS
  • qBittorrent – P2P torrent client & integrated RSS reader.
  • QuiteRSS
  • RSSOwl
  • Thunderbird – Thunderbird also includes a chat as well as an RSS reader.
  • Tiny Tiny RSS – Android based RSS reader.
  • [Feeds Mage – Get RSS feeds and newsletters of your Twitter follows ]


  • Flym – Flym News Reader is a simple, modern, totally free (no ads) and opensource project which keeps you inform by fetching your websites/blogs and is playing them in a mobile-optimized way.
  • Nextcloud News Reader – ownCloud News Reader connects to your Nextcloud / ownCloud instance and downloads the RSS-feeds. (Price: 2.39 € (Google Play), Free (F-Droid))
  • spaRSS – Based on net.fred.feedex and de.shandschuh.sparserss, this checks RSS/Atom news feeds, polling for updates from the device on a regular basis. Fetched items are available for offline reading.
  • TTRSS-Reader – An Android-Client for the self-hosted Tiny Tiny RSS feedreader.


Avoid using Twitter official app or the website. It tracks users and creates user profiles based on what they follow, retweet and like. Twitter harms and violates user privacy with their policies.

Alternatives to Twitter:

Federated social networks: A federated social network isn’t a single website like Twitter or Facebook, it’s a network of thousands of communities operated by different organizations and individuals that provide a seamless social media experience.

If you insist then use Tweeten, which is based on TweetDeck, which contains no tracking code.

  • Tweeten – Get the most powerful TweetDeck experience without worrying about the limits. Ever.


  • AndStatus – An Open Source multiple accounts client for multiple Social networks, including Mastodon, Twitter, ActivityPub (Client to Server), GNU social and

Privacy oriented alternatives:

  • Gab – Twitter without the ridiculous amounts of censorship.
  • Pleroma – Pleroma is a free, federated social networking server built on open protocols.
    Soapbox – A frontend for Pleroma with a focus on custom branding and ease of use.
  • Mastodon – Free, federated micro-blogging social network built on open protocols. Crossposter for Twitter.
  • Manyver – A social network off the grid.
  • SplinterNet – Android app designed to create an unblockable Twitter like network that uses no cellular or Internet communications.
  • Scuttlebutt – Social network on a decentralised platform.
  • Diaspora – The online social world where you are in control.

Alternative Twitter Frontends:

  • Nitter – Nitter is a free and open source alternative Twitter front-end focused on privacy.
    • Feetter – Create and manage Nitter feeds.
    • Fritter – A free, open-source Nitter client for Android and iOS.
  • Yotter – Twitter with privacy with a simple yet beautiful UI.
  • Twidere – Material Design ready and feature rich Twitter/Mastodon/Fanfou app for Android.
  • Tusky – Mastodon client for Android.


  • Friendica – A decentralized social network with no central authority or ownership.
  • Movim – A decentralized social and chat platform that act as a web frontend for the XMPP protocol.


  • Frost – An extensive and functional third party app for Facebook.
  • Tinfoil for Facebook – Tinfoil for Facebook lets you use the mobile website without having the rest of your web browsing tracked. It requires far fewer permissions than the official app.

Jabber (free servers)

Jabber Clients


  • JamJam – JamJam is an Open Source alternative to Clubhouse, Twitter Spaces and similar audio spaces.
  • Indieweb – Run your own Website which you can lock-down.


Try to avoid using Reddit or at least avoid their official clients as they are plenty of trackers, ads and share unnecessary user data with their servers.

  • Aether – Peer-to-peer ephemeral public communities.
  • Cent – Democratized social network built on Ethereum.
  • Chttr – Politically unbiased, privacy respecting social network.
  • Diaspora – Dandelion is an Android client for Diaspora.
  • Lemmy – A federated link aggregator and Reddit alternative.
  • Minds – Anonymous & open-source social network with encrypted conversations.
  • Phuks – A friendly link aggregating website.
  • Raddle – A web-based forum where users submit links, pictures, posts, etc.
  • Ruqqus – An open source platform for online communities.
  • SaidIt – An open source Reddit clone.
  • Steemit – Communities without borders. A social network owned and operated by its users, powered by Steem.
  • Tildes – A non-profit community site driven by its users’ interests. Privacy respecting Reddit clients:
  • Libreddit – Private Reddit front-end written in Rust.
  • Teddit – Alternative Reddit front-end focused on privacy.
  • Infinity – A beautiful Reddit client for Android.
  • Slide – Slide is an open sourced, ad free Reddit browser for Android and iOS.

Social media wiping

  • autopruneDiscord – Automatically delete the oldest message in a discord channel whenever a new message is added.
  • ephemeral – Automatically delete your old Tweets with AWS Lambda.
  • PowerDeleteSuite – Power Delete Suite for Reddit.
  • reddit-shreddit – Program to delete ENTIRE Reddit user post and comments history.
  • Social Amnesia – Forget the past. Social Amnesia makes sure your social media accounts only show your posts from recent history, not from “that phase” 5 years ago.

Streaming Platforms (eg. Twitch)

Avoid using platforms as Twitch, Patreon, YouTube as they are very privacy-invasive with your viewers (and you!). Instead, you can try using some self-hosted platforms that do take care of everyone’s privacy.

Privacy oriented alternatives:

  • Owncast – Take control over your live stream video by running it yourself. Streaming + chat out of the box.
  • livego – Live video streaming server in golang.
  • Twire – Twire is an open source, ad free Twitch browser and stream player for Android.


Read more about the issue with Wikipedia on the Wikiless manifesto.

  • Wikiless – A free open source alternative Wikipedia front-end focused on privacy Source Code.


  • Kiwix – Kiwix lets you read Wikipedia and other websites without an Internet connection.

Teamworking Tools

Not so good in terms of privacy:

Privacy oriented alternatives:

  • Big Blue Button – A free, open source, web conferencing system for online learning.
  • Dino – A modern and open source Jabber/XMPP chat client for the desktop.
  • Mattermost – Open-source Slack alternative.
  • Nextcloud Talk – Keep conversations private with Nextcloud Talk.
  • Portway – Collaborative content hub
  • Mumble – Open Source, Low Latency, High Quality Voice Chat
  • Revolt – User-first chat platform built with modern web technologies.
  • RocketChat – Control your communication, manage your data, and have your own collaboration platform to improve team productivity.
  • Semaphor – Encrypted, decentralized authority team chat and file sharing.
  • talk – Group video call for the web. No signups. No downloads.
  • Twake – Work in a team faster. Twake covers all of your organizational needs through a single platform.
  • Zulip – Chat for distributed teams.


  • Dragonfire – Open source voice assistant project for Ubuntu based Linux distributions. Dragonfire uses Mozilla DeepSpeech to understand your voice commands and Festival Speech Synthesis System to handle text-to-speech tasks.
  • Just search – Simple internet search shortcut.
  • Saiy – Fully customizable open source voice assistant.

Alternative Discord clients:

Your IP and messages will still be shared and belong to Discord and they are not encrypted.

Instant Messaging

Please check out this site for comparisons. Threema also provides their own chart.

Not so good in terms of privacy:

  • Clubhouse, because lawyers say you could get sued.
  • Facebook Messenger
  • Google Hangouts / Chat – Owned by Google
  • Instagram DM
  • Skype / Skype for Business – Owned by Microsoft
  • Wickr – Owned by Amazon
  • WhatsApp – Owned by Facebook
  • Zoom #fedpot


No single point of control or failure. A decentralized network operated by different servers from different volunteers around the globe. You choose where your data stays or you can self-host your own server. Somewhat more complex protocols (because of federation between servers) and some extra metadata is added to the messages (without compromising privacy).

  • Coy.IM – CoyIM is a new chat client that is safe and secure by default: no settings to change, no plugins to install, no computer configuration to change.
  • Matrix (Protocol) – An open network for secure, decentralized communication.
    Element – All-in-one secure chat app for teams, friends and organizations. Keeps conversations in your control, safe from data-mining and ads. End-to-end encryption.
    syphon – A privacy focused Matrix client.
  • Jabber / XMPP (Protocol) – The universal and open messaging standard. Tried and tested. Independent. Privacy-focused. E2E encrypted. XMPP Compliance Tester
    Are we OMEMO yet? – This list displays the progress of OMEMO integration in various XMPP clients.
    Conversations – Jabber/XMPP client for Android 4.0+ smartphones that has been optimized to provide a unique mobile experience.
    AstraChat – Another XMPP client.
    DeltaChat – Chat over encrypted e-mail.


Guidance for beginners:

The service is in charge of running the servers that allow users to communicate. Single point of failure and control, but still 100% safe and trustworthy if the protocols and code are open and audited.

  • Threema – The messenger that puts security and privacy first. Pay once, chat forever. No collection of user data. Open Source client.
  • Signal – Extreme focus on privacy, combined with all of the features you expect. Strong encryption by design. Why Signal don’t add option to create an account without phone number? – They claim to be working on a proper way to support this.
    Molly – Signal-compatible fork client with some security enhancements. The fork still uses Signal’s servers but it’s essentially an alternative Android client for Signal.
  • Linphone – Linphone is an open source SIP phone for voice/video calls and instant messaging, and is available for mobile and desktop environments (iOS, Android, GNU/Linux, macOS, Windows). controversial
  • Status – Status is a secure messaging app, crypto wallet, and Web3 browser built with state of the art technology.
  • Ricochet – Anonymous instant messaging (Desktop only!).
  • Oversec – Privacy for All Apps! Encrypt and Disguise Messages in All Your Apps. This is not an IM application but listed here as “helper” application to add an encryption layer for those who are not encrypted.


No servers involved. Everything goes directly from one peer to the other peer. No point of failure or control. The features are reduced because of the lack of server, messaging can be slower. Best option for critical chats.

  • Briar – Peer-to-peer encrypted messaging and forums.
  • Ekiga – Ekiga (formerly known as GnomeMeeting) is an open source SoftPhone, Video Conferencing and Instant Messenger application over the Internet.
  • Tinfoil Chat – Onion-routed, endpoint secure messaging system.
  • Tox – Tox is easy-to-use software that connects you with friends and family without anyone else listening in.
    aTox – Reasonable Tox client for Android.
    Toxic – A Tox-based instant messaging and video chat client.
  • Berty – The privacy-first messaging app that works with or without internet access, cellular data or trust in the network.
  • Conversations – Easy to use, reliable, battery friendly. With built-in support for images, group chats and e2e encryption.
  • Siskin – Lightweight & powerful XMPP client for iPhone and iPad.

Privacy Sharing Texts

Password Managers

Not so good in terms of privacy:

Privacy oriented alternatives:

  • Buttercup – A secure and open source password manager.
  • KeePass Password Safe – KeePass, the free, open source, light-weight and easy-to-use password manager.
  • Bitwarden – An open source cloud based password manager.
    vaultwarden – Unofficial Bitwarden compatible self-hosted server, formerly known as bitwarden_rs.
  • KeepassXC – Securely store passwords using industry standard encryption, no sync just storage.
    KeepassDX – Android.
    Keepass2Android for Android (not on F-Droid).
    Strongbox – iOS
    KeeWeb – For Web and other platforms.
  • Padloc – The last password manager you’ll ever want to use.
  • swifty – Free Offline Password Manager.
  • KeePassium – Keepass for iOS.

Note taking apps

  • Boost Note – An open source Markdown editor for developers.
  • Carnet – A complete open source note taking app.
  • Cryptee – A private and encrypted place for all your photos, documents, notes and more.
  • Joplin – A free and open source note-taking and to-do application.
  • Paperwork – An open-source, self-hosted alternative to services like Evernote, OneNote or Google Keep.
  • QOwnNotes – An open source markdown note taking with Nextcloud / ownCloud integration.
  • Standard Notes – A simple and private note-taking app.
  • Turtl – A secure collaborative notebook.
  • LibreOffice Online – Self-hosted instance of LibreOffice that you can run in your browser.


  • Markor – Text editor – Notes & ToDo. Lightweight. Markdown and todo.txt support.
  • MyOwnNotes (cloud) – Works with a ownCloud subscription.
  • Notesnook (mobile) – A truly zero-knowledge note taking app, encrypted using XChaChaPoly1305-IETF & Argon2.
  • Omni Notes – Very feature rich, open-source, material design notes app. Very active development.
  • Orgzly – Notes are stored in the plain-text Org mode format. Supports searching, metadata, and manual sync with Dropbox or local directory, which can be synced using e.g. Syncthing.
  • Scarlet Notes FD – Works completely offline, offers rich notes with lists, headings, quotes, floating mode, and more.
  • Simple Notes – A beautiful quick note taking app without ads or weird permissions.
  • – Tasks is libre open-source software, based on the original source code from the popular Astrid Tasks & To Do List!
  • Turtl (cloud) – FOSS alternative to Evernote.

GPS, Wi-Fi sensor and network status

  • FasterGPS – You can select a NTP Server matching your region to speed up the process of getting a GPS fix.
  • GPSTest – An app for testing GPS and GNSS capabilities of a device.
  • nearby – Scans all nearby wifi networks and the devices connected to each network for Indoor positioning.
  • SatStat – A diagnostic tool that displays data reported by sensors in the phone.
  • WiFiKeyShare – Share Wi-Fi passwords with QR codes and NFC tags.

Mesh networking

  • ormesh – Ormesh helps you connect services through Tor.

Opt-Out of Mobile ISP location tracking

Generate fake web browsing and mitigate tracking

  • PartyLoud – A simple tool to generate fake web browsing and mitigate tracking.

eMail Services

Comparison of different services, check this. And regarding security and emails check this. Self-host your own Email server.

Not so good in terms of privacy:

Privacy oriented alternatives:

  • 33Mail – Email alias service, including anonymous replies and custom domains.
  • Email – Paid secure email service provided by
  • CTemplar – Privacy-focused email provider located in Iceland.
  • Disroot – An online services provider based in the Netherlands.
  • Espiv – Espiv is a collective dedicated to providing private and secure email and hosting services for individuals and organisations committed to political and social justice.
  • Fastmail – Paid email provider, located in Australia and US.
  • Lavabit – Lavabit is an open-source encrypted webmail service, founded in 2004.
  • Mailbox – similar to Posteo both in feature set as well as privacy, security and ethics.
  • Migadu – Migadu is an independent email hosting from Switzerland.
  • Posteo – Ad-free and anonymous email service based in Germany.
  • RiseUp – Online communication tools for people and groups working on liberatory social change.
  • Runbox – Privacy focusued email provider.
  • StartMail – A private email service developed by the creators of StartPage.
  • Thexyz – Thexyz is a Canadian company offering privacy-conscious business email. Premium webmail costs USD $2.95 per month.
  • Tutanota – Secure email for everybody and open source.


  • Mail-in-a-Box – An easy-to-deploy mail server in a box.
  • Mailcow – An advanced mail server perfect for those with a bit more Linux experience.
  • Mailpile – A fast web-mail client with user-friendly encryption and privacy features.
  • Modoboa – Open-source email server.
  • RainLoop – A simple, modern & fast web-based email client.
  • Roundcube – A web-based IMAP email client.

Alternative mail networks:

  • mnm is not mail – The mnm project enables a new email network: a sane, simple protocol, a client, and a server. It’s designed for everyone.

Third-party tools to encrypt eMails:

  • – This application is to be used to share encrypted secrets cross organizations, or as private persons. Hemmelig truly cares about your privacy, and will do everything to stay that way. I hope you enjoy the product.


Android / iOS

  • Canary Mail – A secure email client for macOS, iOS and Android (paid and closed source).
  • CTemplar – CTemplar provides a safe and secure platform for sending emails and sharing files by using 4096-bit end-to-end encryption.
  • K-9 Mail – Open Source Email App for Android.
  • p≡p – Free and open source email client for Android and iOS.
  • SimpleMail – SimpleEmail is Free Software, minimalistic and privacy friendly email app.
  • Tutanota – Encrypted email app.


  • Canary Mail – A secure email client for macOS, iOS and Android (paid and closed source).
  • Claws Mail – An open source email client (and news reader) for Windows and Linux.
  • Evolution – A Linux application that provides mail, calendar and address book.
  • Geary – An email application built around conversations, for Linux.
  • iRedMail – Full-featured, open source mail server solution for mainstream Linux/BSD distributions.
  • Kolab Now – Online service providing personal Kolab Groupware on desired level.
  • Mailfence – Secure and private email-suite.
  • Thunderbird – A free customizable open source email client.

eMail Encryption

  • Enigmail – Encrypt/decrypt and digitally sign your emails in Thunderbird, Postbox and Interlink.
  • GnuPG – Encrypt and sign your data and communications.
  • GPG Suite – An open source GnuPG front-end for macOS.
  • GPG4Win – An open source GnuPG front-end for Windows.
  • Mailvelope – A browser extension to securely encrypt your emails with PGP using webmail providers.

Temporary email

None of them will work for Twitter or Gmail, because they use a blacklist and basically blacklist all public based providers.

  • 10 Minute Mail – Free and anonymous temporary email.
  • – Unlimited disposable email addresses to avoid spam.
  • inboxkitten – Open source disposable email.
  • Maildrop – Free and open source disposable e-mail addresses service.
  • Mailsac – Open source disposable email hosting.

Email Alias Services (Anonymous Forwarding)

With email aliases, you can finally create a different identity for each website. Defend against spams, phishing and data breach.

Services with self-hosting options:

Services without self-hosting:

  • Firefox Relay – Create aliases that forward to your real inbox. Allows 5 aliases.
  • forwardemail – Create unlimited email addresses for free using your custom domain. Plus get catch-all, wildcard, and disposable aliases – all for free!
  • improvmx – Set up email forwarding in seconds and start receiving and sending emails with your domain name.
  • MailMask – Create forwarding addresses for free, without an account.
  • spamgourmet – If you give your email address to everyone, you are bound to receive spam emails, and you won’t know where they came from.
    Absolutely free. No registration. 24/7 Support.

Notes and Tasks

Not so good in terms of privacy:

  • Google Keep and Google Keep Exporter – Convert your Google Keep notes into a standard markdown + YAML header format.
  • Evernote
  • Squid
  • Notion
  • OneNote
  • Tasker

Privacy oriented alternatives:

  • – A free alternative to Notion that takes markdown notes saved right in your computer
  • Hyperdraft – An open-source notes app that works in the browser and syncs with 0data protocols.
  • TinyList – Create and share notes and checklists, without sacrificing your privacy.
  • Standard Notes – A free, open-source, and completely encrypted notes app.
  • Simplenote – The simplest way to keep notes.
  • Notally – A beautiful notes app.
  • Joplin – Note taking and to-do application with synchronization capabilities.
  • Logseq – A privacy-first alternative to WorkFlowy.
  • Nextcloud Notes – The Notes app is a distraction free notes taking app for Nextcloud.
    Nextcloud Notes for Android – An android client for Nextcloud Notes.
  • Vikunja – The open-source to-do app to organize your life.
  • Lomorage – Mobile first self-host photo storage solution, and has native iOS / Android application as well as optimization for Raspberry PI and Armbian OS.


Text to Speech

  • RHVoice – TTS engine with extended languages support (incl. Russian).
  • eSpeakNG – Text-to-speech engine for Android. Based on the eSpeak engine.

Video Conferencing

Not so good in terms of privacy:

  • Discord
  • Google Meet
  • Instagram
  • Microsoft Teams
  • Skype
  • WhatsApp
  • ZOOM

Privacy oriented alternatives:

  • BigBlueButton – BigBlueButton is a web conferencing system designed for online learning.
  • Freenet – Freenet is a peer-to-peer platform for censorship-resistant communication.
  • Jami (formely Ring) – Distributed universal and secure Free Software for multimedia communications.
  • Jitsi Meet – More secure, more flexible, and completely free video conferencing. No account needed, no installation needed.
  • Mumla (client for Mumble) – Third-party Android client for Mumble.
  • PeerCalls – Group peer to peer video calls for everyone written in Go and TypeScript.

Alternative Discord clients:

Your IP and messages will still be shared and belong to Discord and they are not encrypted.

Remote Access and Control

Not so good in terms of privacy:

Privacy oriented alternatives:

  • Apache Guacamole – Apache Guacamole is a clientless remote desktop gateway. It supports standard protocols like VNC, RDP, and SSH.
  • DWService – DWService is an open source project which offers a service to allow access to remote systems (Windows, Mac, Linux, Raspberry…).
  • MeshCentral – The open source, multi-platform, self-hosted, feature packed web site for remote device management.
  • Remmina – Remote access screen and file sharing to your desktop (RDP).
  • Remotely – Smooth remote control, remote scripting, and rich auto-complete to maximize your IT support efficiency.
  • RustDesk – Open-source remote desktop client software, written in Rust. Works out of the box, full control of your data, with no concerns about security.
  • screego – Screen sharing for developers.
  • UltraVNC – UltraVNC is a powerful, easy to use and free – remote pc access softwares – that can display the screen of another computer (via internet or network) on your own screen.

FTP clients

  • FileZilla – A free FTP solution for both client and server.
  • Cyberduck – A libre server and cloud storage browser for Mac & Windows.
  • WinSCP – A popular SFTP client and FTP client for Windows

Media Player

  • IINA – A modern media player for macOS.
  • MPC-BE – Media Player Classic – BE is a free and open source audio and video player for Windows.
  • MPV – A free, open source, and cross-platform media player.
  • VLC – Multimedia player for almost every platform.

DLNA Media Player

  • MediaPlayer – MediaPlayer is the DLNA device(DMP), which can be in the search for DMS devices, browse resources and play locally.
  • Plain UPnP – UPnP / DLNA server and browser – PlainUPnP (initially DroidUPnP) is an UPnP control point application for Android.
  • Yaacc – The App allows you to play media from UPNP/DLNA devices in your network on your android device or any UPNP/DLNA device in your network.

Music Player

  • Audacious – An open source audio player.
  • DeaDBeeF – A multi-platform and modular audio player.
  • Elisa – A simple music player that should be easy to use.
  • Rhythmbox – A music playing application for GNOME.
  • Strawberry – A music player and music collection organizer.


  • LOS Eleven – Default LineageOS music player.
  • Metro (Retro Music fork with features unlocked) – Best material design music player for Android.
  • Music Player GO – Very simple, nice, privacy-friendly and original local Android Music Player.
  • Shuttle+ – An open source, local music player for Android.
  • TimberX – Material theme music player that works across all form factors (phones, wear, auto, cast, assistant) and uses latest tools (Kotlin, Architecture components, Room, Databinding).
    Timber – This is the pure FOSS fork of the app, where all these non-free dependencies have been removed.
  • Vanilla Music – A clean, simple and free music player for Android.
  • Vinyl Music Player – Music player easy to use and customizable (multiple themes including a dark one).

Create Music with your Browser

  • Audiolab – Open-source sound generating software.

Fitness and Health

Not so good in terms of privacy:
Your health is a very important piece of your private data and you should care a lot about it. Also, health related data is among the most coveted. Please don’t use apps from Google, Fitbit, Huawei, Xiaomi or any company that seeks the gathering of your personal data.

If you need an app for menstrual cycle tracking please don’t use any apps like Clue, Period Tracker, etc. Those cute pink apps are greedy for your menstrual cycle and intimate life data and will sell it for sure, protect your private life. Check the list below and you will find nice alternatives.

Privacy oriented alternatives:

  • wger – A free, open source, self-hosted web application that manages your exercises, workouts and nutrition.
  • Fitotrack – A privacy oriented fitness tracker for Android.
  • OpenFoodFacts – Open Food Facts is a food products database made by everyone, for everyone. You can use it to make better food choices.
    OFF Apps
  • Drip – Menstrual cycle and fertility tracking. Everything you enter stays on your device.
  • log28 – a (very) simple no-frills period tracker for Android.
  • OpenTracks – OpenTracks is a sport tracking application that completely respects your privacy.
  • No Nonsense Recipes – An ad-free recipe database with a freemium business model. Browse for free or create an account to save, search, upload your own recipes, leave comments, and more.
  • openWorkout – Simple workout trainer that puts your privacy first.


  • AAT – AAT is a GPS-tracking application for tracking sportive activities, with emphasi.
  • Gadgetbridge – Use your Pebble/Bip/Miband/Hplus/more and keep your data private! website.
  • Pedometer – Counts your steps in background. Customize daily goals, notifications + modes.
  • Workout Time! – An app for managing and performing timed workouts.

Amazon shopping alternatives

  • Wibbets – The privacy guaranteed online shopping website Amazon alternative.

Media Streaming Platforms

Not so good in terms of privacy:

  • Amazon Prime Video
  • Disney+
  • Netflix
  • Plex
  • SoundCloud
  • Spotify

Video and Audio

  • Jellyfin – Jellyfin is the volunteer-built media solution that puts you in control of your media. Stream to any device from your own server, with no strings attached.
  • Owncast – A self-hosted live video and web chat server.
  • Stremio – Stremio is a modern media center that’s a one-stop solution for your video entertainment.

Audio Platforms (Streams)

  • Ampache – A web based audio/video streaming application and file manager.
  • Funkwhale – A social platform to enjoy and share music (SoundCloud alternative).
  • Koel – a personal music streaming server that works.
  • Music Player Daemon – A “flexible, powerful, server-side application for playing music”.
  • Navidrome – Lightweight, fast and self-contained personal music streamer.
  • Nuclear – Modern music player focused on streaming from free sources.
  • Subsonic – Your complete, personal music streamer.
  • Tribler – Open-source peer-to-peer file sharing that provides a “Youtube”-like streaming experience. Tribler uses Tor-like onion routing to protect the privacy of its users.


  • Ampache – Open-source and self-hosted web based media manager and media server. API available to allow usage on various platforms. On-the-fly transcoding available. Supports both music and video.
  • Funkwhale – Self-hosted, decentralized music service. Provide your own audio.

Spotify Alternative clients

These clients, although will have less tracking, still DO NOT protect your privacy at all as you will still be streaming from Spotify servers from you own premium (paid, identified) account.

  • Spot – Native Spotify client built in GTK and Rust.
  • psst – Fast and multi-platform Spotify client with native GUI.
  • ncspot – Cross-platform nurses Spotify client written in Rust, inspired by ncmpc and the likes.

Other music streaming projects

  • BlackHole – A Music Player App made with Flutter.
  • Nuclear – A music streaming program which pulls from multiple free sources.

Deezer Alternative clients


Operating Systems


Try to avoid using Google Android or any Android that has been modified and tuned by any manufacturer such as Xiaomi, Huawei, Samsung, etc. Android is an Open Source project – AOSP – Android Open Source Project – and it has many versions that will respect the user privacy and data and won’t share it with private servers from manufacturers or service providers.

Android Sock OS alternatives

  • CalyxOS – A secure and private mobile OS for Pixel phones and the Xiami Mi A2.
  • DivestOS – DivestOS strives to prolong device life, enhance user privacy, and provide modest security to many devices.
  • LineageOS – A free and open-source operating system for various devices, based on the Android mobile platform.
  • Replicant – A free software mobile operating system putting the emphasis on freedom and privacy/security.

Play Services Framework

  • microGNot an OS, but a re-implementation of Google’s proprietary Android apps and libraries.

Based on Linux

  • Mobian – Debian for mobile.
  • Plasma Mobile – Plasma, in your pocket. Privacy-respecting, open source and secure phone ecosystem.
  • PostmarketOS – Touch optimised and pre-configured version of Alpine Linux.
  • PureOS – Operating system developed by purism for the Librem 5.
  • SailfishOS – Privacy-focused mobile OS by Jolla with a proprietary UI and Android compatibility layer on top of an open-source Mer GNU/Linux base.
  • UBPorts – Ubuntu Touch is the touch-friendly mobile version of Ubuntu.
  • Ubuntu Touch – A free and open-source operating system for smartphones and tablets based on Ubuntu.


  • AsteroidOS – Open-source alternative for Wear OS.

Smart TV

Not so good in terms of privacy:

  • Android TV
  • LG WebOS
  • Any other privacy-invasive common TV OS that comes preinstalled with your TV.

Privacy oriented alternatives:

  • Kodi – It is an entertainment hub that brings all your digital media together into a beautiful and user friendly package. It is 100% free and open source, very customisable and runs on a wide variety of devices.
  • Jellyfin – Jellyfin is the volunteer-built media solution that puts you in control of your media. Stream to any device from your own server, with no strings attached.
  • OSMC – OSMC is a free and open source media center built for the people, by the people.
  • RaspberryCast – Transform your Raspberry Pi into a streaming device. Cast videos from mobile devices or computers to your TV.

Intel Management Engine & AMD Platform Security Processor

me_cleaner does not disable ME altogether, it just removes some “suspicious” parts. Majority of code still remains there. Same with AMD PSP. You can’t remove all of it as your CPU will not even boot. PSP disable is supposed to disable some additional parts.

  • AMD boards starting with B550 (?) have a setting to disable AMD PSP.
  • There are some hacks for Intel, alias me_cleaner, see here. The Intel Management Engine (‘IME’ or ‘ME’) is an out-of-band co-processor integrated in all post-2006 Intel-CPU-based PCs. It has full network and memory access and runs proprietary, signed, closed-source software at ring -3, independently of the BIOS, main CPU and platform operating system — a fact which many regard as an unacceptable security risk (particularly given that at least one remotely exploitable security hole has already been reported). For Linux check this or a video guide.


Not so good in terms of privacy:

Privacy oriented alternatives:

  • GNU/Linux – GNU/Linux is a family of mostly free and open source Operating Systems mostly developed by the community. If you don’t know where to start, not (Cinnamon) is a beginner friendly distribution. If you want to try it out without installing it to your computer, you can use a Live USB Stick. If you want to install Linux but keep your current operating system, you can set up dual boot.
  • Another alternative is BSD (e.g. FreeBSD with the desktop-installer package), although you might find it slightly less beginner-friendly than GNU/Linux.

Distros for starters or Windows “switcher”

Gaming on Linux is no longer a major issue.

  • EndeavourOS – An easy way to install Arch Linux (successor of Antergos).
  • Fedora Workstation – A reliable, user-friendly, and powerful operating system.
  • KDE Neon – The latest and greatest of KDE community software packaged on a rock-solid base.
  • Linux Mint – Beginner friendly Linux distribution.
  • Manjaro – Free fast and secure Linux based operating system for everyone, suitable replacement to Windows or MacOS with different Desktop Environments.
  • MX Linux – MX Linux is a cooperative venture between the antiX and MX Linux communities.
  • openSUSE – A community project to develop and maintain a general purpose Linux distribution.
  • Pop!₋OS – A distribution developed by System76, based on Ubuntu and GNOME.
  • Solus – For beginner, gamer and Windows switcher.
  • Ubuntu – A reliable and user-friendly Linux distribution developed by Canonical.
  • WindowsFX (I need to review it!)

Privacy or/and security hardened Distros

  • Alpine Linux – A security-oriented, lightweight Linux distribution based on musl libc and busybox.
  • HardenedBSD – Founded in 2014 by Oliver Pinter and Shawn Webb, HardenedBSD is a security-enhanced fork of FreeBSD.
  • Parrot OS – A Linux distribution based on Debian and designed with security and privacy in mind.
  • PureOS – Secure and freedom respecting.
  • Qubes OS – Qubes OS is a free and open-source security-oriented operating system meant for single-user desktop computing.
  • Tails OS – Tails is a portable operating system that protects against surveillance and censorship.
    Obscurix – TailsOS alternative.
  • Whonix – Operating System designed for anonymity.

Distros designed for Developers

  • NixOS – Nix is a tool that takes a unique approach to package management and system configuration.
  • OpenBSD – The OpenBSD project produces a FREE, multi-platform 4.4BSD-based UNIX-like operating system.
  • SecurityOnion – Linux distro for threat hunting, enterprise security monitoring, and log.

Chromecast alternatives

Collaboration platforms

  • Kanboard – A free and open source Kanban project management software.
  • Taiga – An agile, free and open source project management tool.
  • Twake – A complete and secure collaboration platform.
  • Wekan – An open-source and collaborative kanban board application.

Metadata removal utilities

  • ExifCleaner – A free desktop app to clean image metadata.
  • Imagepipe – An app to reduce image size and removes exif-tags when sharing images.
  • Scrambled Exif – An Android app to remove exif data from pictures before sharing them.
  • mat2 – A metadata removal tool, supporting a wide range of commonly used file formats.

Online leak tests

Only unique tests are listed, it makes no sense to list 1000+ pages who do all the same or offering absolute nothing new regarding fingerprinting/leaking.

Gaming / Emulating

  • GameHub – A unified library for all your games.
  • – An online game marketplace and community.
  • Ludo – A minimalist frontend for emulators.
  • Lutris – An open source gaming platform for Linux.
  • OpenEmu – an open source project to bring game emulation to macOS.
  • Pegasus – A cross platform frontend for launching emulators and managing your game collection.
  • Playnite – An open source video game library manager.
  • PlayOnLinux – A tool to help Linux, MacOS users run games and programs for Windows.
  • RetroArch – A frontend for emulators, game engines and media players.

Blockchain based Games

Hosting providers

  • 1984 Hosting – A green, ethical web hosting that protects its user’s privacy.
  • Exoscale – A European cloud computing for cloud native teams.
  • FlokiNET – A secure, stable and anonymous web hosting.
  • Greenhost – A sustainable and secure webhosting.
  • Infomaniak – Professional web hosting, domain name, cloud server, and email service.
  • Namecheap – Cheap domain names and web hosting.
  • Njalla – A privacy-aware domain and VPS service.
  • OrangeWebsite – An Icelandic web hosting provider.
  • Sandstorm – An open-source self-hosted web hosting platform for a wide set of web applications, including Etherpad (collaborative text editing), Radicale (calendar), Lychee (image hosting), Wekan (Kanban).

Local hosting

  • PageKite – Has led the way in making local servers public. With relays on four continents, it works with any computer, any web server and any Internet connection.


Not so good in terms of privacy:

  • Google Analytics
  • Facebook
  • Microsoft

Privacy oriented alternatives:

  • Ackee – Self-hosted website analytics.
  • Alpina Web Analytics – Simple, privacy-friendly analytics with event tracking, real-time dashboard and filters. No cookie or localstorage usage.
  • Aurora – 100% Cookie-Free Open Website Analytics. Collect Anonymous Data. Make your Audience Happy Now!
  • Clicky – Monitor, analyze, and react to traffic in real time.
  • Fathom – A simple, light-weight, privacy-first alternative to Google Analytics.
  • GoAccess – An open-source web server analysis tool. Installs on your web server (ideally), but works just as well if you download your logs someplace else.
  • GoatCounter – Simple web statistics. No tracking of personal data. open-source and may be self-hosted. Free for non-commercial use; paid plans available.
  • HockeyStack – Offers cookieless tracking and no PII collected.
  • Kindmetrics – An open-source analytics tool. Landing page and company is based in Sweden, CDN in EU, Servers on Digitalocean (USA) datacenter in Germany.
  • Kodex – A Privacy-Focused ETL Tool.
  • Matomo – Google Analytics alternative that protects your data and your customers’ privacy.
  • Nullitics – Zero-effort open-source cheap analytics.
  • Offen – Fair web analytics. Gain insights while your users have full access to their data.
  • Open Web Analytics – Open Web Analytics is the free and open source web analytics framework that lets you stay in control of how you instrument and analyze the use of your websites and application.
  • Panelbear – Privacy-focused analytics + web performance monitoring.
  • Piwik Pro – Free Alternative to Google Analytics. Plans to release a FOSS suite for personal use only.
  • Plausible – Simple and privacy-friendly alternative to Google Analytics.
  • PrivateAnalytix – PrivateAnalyltix is a privacy-first alternative to Google Analytics and Microsoft Clarity.
  • Shynet – Modern, privacy-friendly, and detailed web analytics that works without cookies or JS.
  • Simple Analytics – Great analytics with privacy and simplicity in mind. Paid plans only (with free trials).
  • Supabase – Supabase is an opensource alternative to Firebase.
  • Umami – A simple, easy to use, open-source/self-hosted web analytics solution.
  • UserTrack – Self-hosted alternative to Google Analytics and Hotjar.




Not so good in terms of privacy:

Privacy oriented alternatives:

Cloaking / Steganography



  • Nahoft – A state-of-the-art encryption app made for Android mobile phones.
  • Stegcloak – Hide secrets with invisible characters in plain text securely using passwords (repo).

Anti-Facial Recognition

  • MaskID – MaskID keeps your face hidden from the machines! Share your identity and morph with the community.


Not so good in terms of privacy:

Privacy oriented alternatives:

  • AbiWord – A free word processing program similar to Microsoft Word.
  • Airborn OS – Private Google Docs Alternative.
  • Arcane Office – GDPR compliant. Decentralized and private.
  • Calligra Suite – An office and graphic art suite by KDE.
  • Collabora + Nextcloud
  • Collabora – A cloud, mobile and desktop enterprise office suite.
  • CryptPad – Collaboration suite, encrypted and open-source.
  • Graphite – A decentralized and encrypted Google Docs alternative.
  • LibreOffice – Free and open source offline Office.
  • OnlyOffice – Free and open source online office for collaboration.
  • Skiff – End-to-end encrypted collaboration (Google Docs / Notion).
  • Luckysheet – An online spreadsheet like excel that is powerful, simple to configure, and completely open source.
  • LyX – It’s an open-source (and offline) document processor using TeX/LaTeX.
  • Calligra – Calligra Suite is an office and graphic art suite by KDE. It is available for desktop PCs, tablet computers, and smartphones. It contains applications for word processing, spreadsheets, presentation, vector graphics, and editing databases.



Not so good in terms of privacy:

Privacy oriented alternatives:


Not so good in terms of privacy:

  • Bank payments (wire, SEPA, etc.) #fedpot
  • Mastercard
  • Paypal
  • Visa
  • WeChat

Privacy oriented alternatives:

  • Monero – Monero is cash for a connected world. It’s fast, private, untraceable and secure.
  • Pivx Shield – Proof-of-Stake coin, with SHIELD transactions, gives users private, anonymous, nearly instant payments.
  • Cash – Use person-to-person payments using physical notes and coins.


  • Catima – For your barcodes, memberships, loyalty programs, coupons and tickets.


Personal Finances


  • BitcartCC – Open-source self-hosted all-in-one cryptocurrency platform.
  • CoinJoin – Bitcoin transaction compression which aims to improve privacy.
  • Over the counter btc – Marketplace for people to conduct over-the-counter trading in bitcoin currency.
  • pivx2bitcoin – Private crypto swap. No accounts, no signups, no JavaScript, no tracking, no analytics. Hosted on Tor and clearnet.


  • My Expenses – Featureful GPL licenced Android Expense Tracking App.
  • ProExpense – A simple free finance note to safely record daily expenses.
  • IHateMoney – Manage your shared expenses, easily.
  • Debitum – With Debitum you can track all kinds of IOUs, be it money or lent items.
  • Nextcloud Cospend – A group/shared budget manager inspired by the great IHateMoney.
    MoneyBuster – Android client for Nextcloud Cospend and IHateMoney servers.
  • GnuCash – GnuCash is personal and small-business financial-accounting software, freely licensed under the GNU GPL and available for GNU/Linux, BSD, Solaris, Mac OS X and Microsoft Windows.


Not so good in terms of privacy:

  • Blockfolio

Privacy oriented alternatives:

  • Rotki – An awesome portfolio tracking, analytics, accounting and tax reporting application that protects your privacy.
  • pivx2bitcoin – Awesome private crypto swap. No accounts, no signups, no JavaScript, no tracking, no analytics. Tor and VPN friendly, too.

Databases / Crashlytics logging

Not so good in terms of privacy:

  • Google Firebase
  • Google Crashlytics

Privacy oriented alternatives:

  • Appwrite – Secure open-source backend server for web, mobile & Flutter developers.
  • CondensationDB – Condensation is an open-source zero trust, distributed database enabling to build modern applications while ensuring data ownership and security.
  • Kuzzle – Google Firebase alternative.
  • Sentry – Google crashlytics alternative.
  • Supabase – Open source Firebase alternative.

Desktop Utilities

  • Deskreen – Turn any device into a secondary screen for your computer.
  • lethe – A cross-platform data wiping tool that implements data destruction.

Reverse tethering

  • Gnirehtet – Reverse tethering over add for Android: it allows devices to use the internet connection of the computer they are plugged on. It does not require any root access (neither on the device nor on the computer).

Rescure Disks

Open source:

  • AppleJack – This project has not had an updated release since about 2010, and does not work on macOS Catalina
  • Grml – Bootable live system (Live-CD) based on Debian especially well suited for administrative tasks like installation, deployment and system rescue.
  • MediCat USB – MediCat USB is a complete multiboot solution for modern computers. MediCat USB is geared towards modern hardware, and is now a rolling-release.
  • USB/DVD DLC Boot 2019 – DLC Boot 2019 is a rescue disk that is used as a Recovery CD. The point is that if you are having problems such as Windows can not boot, missing MBR, want to format the hard drive, remove viruses and so on, you can simply use the DLC Boot 2019 to resolve the issue. – Official website unavailable, use SoftPedia as mirror.

Closed source:

  • BootMed – The BootMed Live CD is an Ubuntu Remix for those new to Linux. It’s main goal is to help the average Windows user to recover a computer that will not boot. Official site is offline.
  • Direction – This is a modern alternative version to Falcon 4’s Ultimate Boot CD and a alternative to Legacy GeGeek Toolkit. This had over 100+ Tools and over 5+ Bootable OSs.
  • Gandalf’s Windows 10PE – Gandalf’s Windows 10PE is a bootable CD that contains a load of useful tools you can make use of in a variety of situations like analyzing, recovering and fixing your computer even if the primary operating system can not be booted.
  • Hiren’s BootCD PE – Hiren’s BootCD PE (Preinstallation Environment) is a restored edition of Hiren’s BootCD based on Windows 10 PE x64.
  • Hoek’s Tools – Hoek’s Tools is a vast collection of portable utilities for the management, diagnosis and repairing of computer problems, recover lost or deleted files or cracking passwords. The project is no longer updated and a download is no longer provided on the official website, but you can still download last version, 0.1.001, released on April 20, 2013.
  • KNOPPIX – Is not focused on a variety of diagnostic and repair tools, unlike the Ultimate Boot CD. Knoppix is an operating system Live CD which happens to have a few tools.
  • Trinity Rescue Kit – Trinity Rescue Kit or TRK is a free live Linux distribution that aims specifically at recovery and repair operations on Windows machines, but is equally usable for Linux recovery issues.
  • Ultimate Boot CD (UBCD) Ultimate Boot CD is completely free for the download, or could be obtained for a small fee.

Developer Tools

Code editors

  • Atom – A hackable text editor for the 21st Century.
  • Editor for Android
  • Geany – A powerful, stable and lightweight programmer’s text editor.
  • Kate – A multi-document editor part of KDE.
  • Notepad++ – A free code editor and Notepad replacement that supports several languages.
  • TextMate – Powerful and customizable text editor with support for a huge list of programming languages.
  • Vim – Vim is a highly configurable text editor built to make creating and changing any kind of text very efficient. It is included as “vi” with most UNIX systems and with Apple OS X.
    Neovim – Hyperextensible Vim-based text editor.
    GNU Emacs – An extensible, customizable, free/libre text editor — and more.
    Spacemacs – A community-driven Emacs distribution.
    nano – GNU nano was designed to be a free replacement for the Pico text editor, part of the Pine email suite from The University of Washington.
    Micro – A modern and intuitive terminal-based text editor.
  • VSCodium – Free/Libre Open Source Software Binaries of VSCode.

Markdown editors

  • Abricotine – An open-source markdown editor built for desktop.
  • ghostwriter – A distraction-free Markdown editor for Windows and Linux.
  • MacDown – An open source Markdown editor for macOS.
  • Mark Text – A Markdown editor for Mac, Windows and Linux.
  • Typora – A Markdown editor and Markdown reader.
  • Zettlr – A Markdown editor for the 21st century.

Document Scanners

  • Docus – Android application for scanning and managing documents.
  • Open Note Scanner – With Open Note Scanner you can capture documents, handwritten notes, arts, shopping receipts, etcetera. It will automatically adjust the image aspect, contrast and save it. It will allow browsing, view and share the scanned documents.

Download Manager

  • Aria2 Download Manager – Aria2 Download Manager is a download manager built with electron, react and aria2.
  • JDownloader – JDownloader is a free, open-source download management tool with a huge community of developers that makes downloading as easy.
  • Persepolis – Boost Downloading Using Libre Software!
  • PyIDM – python open source (Internet Download Manager) with multi-connections, high speed engine, based on python, LibCurl, and youtube_dl.
  • XDM Xtreme Download Manager – Xtreme Download Manager (XDM) is a powerful tool to increase download speeds up to 500%, save streaming videos from YouTube, DailyMotion, Facebook, Vimeo, Google Video and 1000+ other websites, resume broken/dead downloads, schedule and convert downloads.


  • Motrix – Motrix is a full-featured download manager that supports downloading HTTP, FTP, BitTorrent, Magnet, etc.

Domain Registrar

Not so good in terms of privacy:

  • Too many.

Privacy oriented alternatives:

  • Njalla – Privacy-aware domain service, sitting in between the domain service registrations and you, acting like a privacy shield.
  • Orangewebsite – An Iceland-based freedom of speech web hosting provider. They never actually ask for your name, at least when you pay in Bitcoin.

SMS apps

  • QKSMS – Very clean and feature rich SMS app.
  • Signal – Signal possesses SMS/MMS capabilities on Android. Using it as your default SMS app has the advantage of having your SMS and your online-messaging-service integrated within one app.
  • Silence – Encrypted SMS.


  • ConnectBot – An SSH and telnet client, and terminal emulator for local shell. Supports multiple sessions, including running them concurrently.


MAC Address Changer


  • Psiphon – Psiphon is a free and open source circumvention tool that utilises SSH, VPN and HTTP proxy technology to provide you with uncensored access to the internet.
  • Lantern – Lantern is a centralized and peer-to-peer proxy, which is used as a circumvention tool. The tool detects whether websites are blocked and, if so, allows you to access them via the Lantern servers or the network of Lantern users.



VPN comparison

Self-manageable VPNs

  • Docker AWS VPN – Guide for self-hosting VPN on AWS with docker.
  • DigitalOcean self-hosted VPN – Guide for self-hosted VPN on Digital Ocean.
  • Mysterium.vpn – Self-hosted VPN.
  • algo – Install wireguard vpn by simple script.
  • openvpn-install – Easy openvpn install script.
  • subspace – WireGuard VPN server GUI.
  • onioncat – Transparent layer on top of Tor’s or I2P.
  • stunnel – Proxy designed to add encryption tunnels to existing apps without any changes in the programs’ code.
  • graftcp – Redirect the TCP connection made by the given program [application, script, shell, etc.] to SOCKS5 or HTTP proxy.
  • tinc – tinc is a Virtual Private Network (VPN) daemon that uses tunnelling and encryption to create a secure private network between hosts on the Internet.

VPN Providers

  • Azire – Swedish provider that uses secure and modern protocols, along with SOCKS5 proxies, DNS servers and IPv6 connectivity in carefully chosen locations.
  • IVPN – An audited, open-source VPN service with WireGuard, killswitch and tracker blocker. controversial
  • Mullvad – Mullvad has some port forwarding restrictions due to ToS changes.
  • OVPN – OVPN is the VPN service that makes you anonymous online.
  • Perfect Privacy VPN – Perfect Privacy is committed to the privacy and anonymity of its customers since 2008 and is one of the most secure VPN providers worldwide.
  • Private Internet Access (PIA) – HQ in US but servers are not located in the US.
  • ProtonVPN & as free VPN alternative (create a free account).
  • VyprVPN – Swiss based VPN provider. controversial

Privacy Policies Analysing

  • Privacy Parrot – AI tool reads privacy policies, tells you which sites sell your info.
  • Terms of Service; Didn’t Read – Quickly analyze / review or explain ToS to the community which gets listed.
  • Privee – Google Chrome extension using machine learning to summarize privacy policies.

Privacy analysis tools

  • Adversarial Robustness Toolbox (ART) – Adversarial Robustness Toolbox (ART) – Python Library for Machine Learning Security – Evasion, Poisoning, Extraction, Inference – Red and Blue Teams.
  • Bogus – A simple and sane fake data generator for .NET languages like C#, F# and VB.NET.
  • Condenser – Database subsetting tool for Postgres and MySQL which takes a representative sample of your data in a manner that preserves the integrity of your database.
  • DataMasker – A free data masking and/or anonymizer library for Sql Server written in .NET.
  • Diffprivlib – The IBM Differential Privacy Library. Diffprivlib is a general-purpose library for experimenting with, investigating and developing applications in, differential privacy.
  • Easy-data-masking – A JavaScript plugin for data masking.
  • Event Timestamp Generator – Generate real world event sequence data using an exponential distribution.
  • FBPCF (Facebook Private Computation Framework) – The Private Computation Framework (PCF) library builds a scalable, secure, and distributed private computation platform to run secure computations on a production level. PCF library supports running the computation on AWS Cloud and is able to integrate various private computation technologies. Specifically, it leverages EMP-toolkit to enable privacy-preserving computations.
  • FHIR Tools for Anonymization – An open-source project that helps anonymize healthcare FHIR data, on-premises or in the cloud, for secondary usage such as research, public health, and more.
  • Format Preserving Lorem Ipsum Text Generation
  • Google Fully Homomorphic Encryption (FHE) libraries – Open-source libraries and tools to perform fully homomorphic encryption (FHE) operations on an encrypted data set.
  • Google’s differential privacy libraries – Libraries to generate ε- and -differentially private statistics over datasets.
  • Gretel Synthetics – Synthetic data generators for structured and unstructured text, featuring differentially private learning.
  • HElib – An open-source software library that implements homomorphic encryption (HE).
  • Machine Learning Privacy Meter – A Python library that enables quantifying the privacy risks of machine learning models.
  • Mainzelliste SecureEpiLinker (MainSEL) – Privacy-Preserving Record Linkage using Secure Multi-Party Computation.
  • mangle – This library provides functionality to sanitize text and HTML data. This can be integrated into tools that export or manipulate databases/files so that confidential data is not exposed to staging, development or testing systems.
  • Masquerade – A Postgres proxy that masks sensitive datasets.
  • Microsoft SEAL – An easy-to-use open-source homomorphic encryption library developed by the Cryptography and Privacy Research Group at Microsoft.
  • Mimesis – A high-performance fake data generator for Python, which provides data for a variety of purposes in a variety of languages.
  • PrivacyRaven – A privacy testing library for deep learning systems. You can use it to determine the susceptibility of a model to different privacy attacks; evaluate privacy preserving machine learning techniques; develop novel privacy metrics and attacks; and repurpose attacks for data provenance and other use cases.
  • pydbgen – Generate full data tables with meaningful yet random entries of most commonly encountered fields in the world of database, such as name, age, birthday,, credit card number, SSN, email id, physical address, company name, job title.
  • Secure Multi-Party Computation (MPC) with Go – This project implements secure two-party computation with garbled circuit protocol.
  • Solitude – Solitude is a privacy analysis tool that enables anyone to conduct their own privacy investigations. Whether a curious novice or a more advanced researcher, Solitude makes the process of evaluating user privacy within an app accessible for everyone.
  • Synthea – Synthetic Patient Population Simulator. The goal is to output synthetic, realistic, patient data and associated health records in a variety of formats.
  • TensorFlow Privacy – A Python library that includes implementations of TensorFlow optimizers for training machine learning models with differential privacy.

Temporary App Permissions

  • Bouncer (paid + NOT FOSS) – Bouncer gives you the ability to grant permissions temporarily. Want to tag a location or take a photo, but don’t want that app to be able to use the camera or get your location whenever it wants?

To-Do Manager

  • Tasks – Tasks is libre open-source software, based on the original source code from the popular Astrid Tasks & To Do List!
  • OpenTasks – A task manager app, allowing you to categorise your todo list by urgency, state, timeframe etc.

Scanning / Pentesting

  • ACSTIS – ACSTIS helps you to scan certain web applications for AngularJS Client-Side Template Injection (sometimes referred to as CSTI, sandbox escape or sandbox bypass). It supports scanning a single request but also crawling the entire web application for the AngularJS CSTI vulnerability.
  • Infection Monkey – A semi automatic pen testing tool for mapping/pen-testing networks. Simulates a human attacker.
  • is-website-vulnerable – Finds publicly known security vulnerabilities in a website’s frontend JavaScript libraries.
  • OWASP Testing Checklist v4 – List of some controls to test during a web vulnerability assessment. Markdown version may be found here.
  • padding-oracle-attacker – Padding-oracle-attacker is a CLI tool and library to execute padding oracle attacks (which decrypts data encrypted in CBC mode) easily, with support for concurrent network requests and an elegant UI.
  • PhpSploit – Full-featured C2 framework which silently persists on webserver via evil PHP oneliner. Built for stealth persistence, with many privilege-escalation & post-exploitation features.
  • PTF – The Penetration Testers Framework (PTF) is a way for modular support for up-to-date tools.
  • Recon-ng – Recon-ng is a full-featured Web Reconnaissance framework written in Python. Recon-ng has a look and feel similar to the Metasploit Framework.
  • Spyse – Spyse is an OSINT search engine that provides fresh data about the entire web. All the data is stored in its own DB for instant access and interconnected with each other for flexible search.
  • sqlmap – SQLMap is an open source penetration testing tool that automates the process of detecting and exploiting SQL injection flaws and taking over of database servers. It comes with a powerful detection engine, many niche features for the ultimate penetration tester and a broad range of switches lasting from database fingerprinting, over data fetching from the database, to accessing the underlying file system and executing commands on the operating system via out-of-band connections.
  • w3af – W3AF is a Web Application Attack and Audit Framework. The project’s goal is to create a framework to help you secure your web applications by finding and exploiting all web application vulnerabilities.
  • ZAP – The Zed Attack Proxy (ZAP) is an easy to use integrated penetration testing tool for finding vulnerabilities in web applications.

Guides connected to privacy, security or anonymity

Security Guides

Privacy Guides

Hardening Guides

Anonymity Guides

“Best practice” Guides

Anti-censorship Guides

Other Guides


Dev Books

Privacy relevant books

Uncategorized tools or under review

  • Apple considered privacy-respecting
  • cachebrowser – CacheBrowser is a system designed to help Internet users bypass Internet censorship. The core idea ofCacheBrowser is to grab censored content cached byContent Delivery Networks such asAkamai andCloudFlare directly from their CDN edge servers, therefore, foiling censors DNS interference.
  • CrowdSec – An open-source, modernized and collaborative fail2ban.
  • Hetty – Hetty is an HTTP toolkit for security research. It aims to be an open-source alternative to Burp Suite Pro.
  • Skymap – Open online planetarium program.
  • Zenkit To Do – Super-easy task management for you and your team.
  • Zero Data App – Apps that let you own 100% of your data.
  • Open Source Automatic Guitar Tuner


  • Wethr – Command line weather tool.


  • Forecastie – A simple, copylefted libre software weather app for Android. It gathers data from OpenWeatherMap, via their public API.
  • Weather Widget – One or more widgets to home screen with weather 5 to 7 day weather forecast in a location.

Windows 10 / 11 utilities

Do not even think about it wasting my time submitting nonsense tools like eg. “O&O ClownUp”, most of them are closed source anyway and the ones which are foss are copy and paste. I will release my own batch which is foss and shows what it exactly does, no clown tools needed for hardening.

  • Sophia Script – The most powerful PowerShell module on GitHub for Windows 10 & Windows 11 fine-tuning and tweaking.
  • Hard_Configurator – GUI to Manage Software Restriction Policies and harden Windows Home OS – or alternative Simple Windows Hardening.
  • HardenKitty – Invoke-HardeningKitty – Checks and hardens your Windows configuration.


  • Rename your network WiFi SSID to <SSID>_optout_nomap to opt-out of global maps.

Terminal emulators

  • Alacritty – A cross-platform, OpenGL terminal emulator.
  • Hyper – A terminal built on web technologies.
  • iTerm2 – A replacement for Apple Terminal and the successor to iTerm.
  • st – A simple terminal implementation for X.
  • Yakuake – A drop-down terminal emulator based on KDE Konsole technology.

Use your phone as your PC

  • Bliss ROM – Androidx86 for your PC, Laptop, Windows Tablet, UEFI Android tablet, Virtual Machine, etc.
  • maruos – Use you phone as your PC.
  • scrcpy – Multiplatform software to view and control your Android screen from a desktop computer, connecting via USB cable. From there, mouse clicks and keyboard entry work and the phone’s functions are all available from the desktop, with little to no lag whatsoever.

Online Virus Scanners

VirusTotal scanners

Keep in mind that VT is owned by Google.

  • VTSCAN – Scan a file directly from your terminal using VirusTotal API.
  • VTHC – VT Hash Check (“VTHC”) is a Windows Explorer context menu extension that allows you to query the Virus Total malware scanning service simply by right-clicking on a file.

Version control

Not so good in terms of privacy:

Privacy oriented alternatives:

  • Codeberg – Codeberg is a collaboration platform and git hosting for free and open source software, content and projects.
  • Git – A free and open source distributed version control system.
  • Gitea – A community managed lightweight code hosting solution written in Go.
  • Gogs – A painless self-hosted Git service written in Go.
    NotABug – is powered by a liberated version of GOGs.
  • SourceHut – SourceHut is a network of useful open source tools for software project maintainers and collaborators, including git repos, bug tracking,…
  • VersionXL – Versions control for Excel.


URL shorteners

  • Btfy – A Privacy-focused custom url shortener and branded links.
  • Cuttly – makes link management easier than ever, and advanced analytics allow you to understand what is happening with your links.
  • Kutt – A free and open source URL shortener with custom domains and stats.
  • LSTU – An open source URL shortening service.
  • Polr – A quick, modern, and open-source link shortener.
  • YOURLS – A small set of PHP scripts that will allow you to run your own URL shortening service.
  • Teknik – Teknik was created to provide our users free services that they can trust.

URL Unshortener

  • Link Unshortener – Mac app that expands shortened web links, following redirects until it reveals the destination URL. Never again click a link before you know where it’s going!



  • Muzei – Muzei is a live wallpaper that gently refreshes your home screen each day with famous works of art.
  • Mysplash – An Unsplash client for Android.
  • WPGen – Android app which can generate solid color, diagonal gradient or plasma effect static multi color wallpapers.

TLS/SSL ciphers

  • – is a free command line tool which checks a server’s service on any port for the support of TLS/SSL ciphers, protocols as well as some cryptographic flaws.
  • blacklight – A Real-Time Website Privacy Inspector.

Why Privacy matters?

NOPE Software

Image credit: dev rant + RMS himself

I will not add the following projects/software, and I will not debate this. Don’t make him ^^ cry again 😢.

  • Blokada – App has Anti-Features according to its F-Droid page.
  • Bridgefy
  • Cordless – Against Discord ToS, if you plan breaking ToS then use BetterDiscord instead.
  • Croc – Easily and securely send things from one computer to another. No expert ever heard of the encryption they are using, no audit and less documentation on the important parts.
  • CutTheCord – Distok CutTheCord: Modular Discord Android client mod.
  • Dot Browser – The browser with privacy at heart.
  • DuckDuckGo
  • Duolingo
  • EncroChat #fedpot
  • Etherpad – Highly customizable open source online editor providing collaborative editing in really real-time.
  • ExpressVPNHigh-Level ExpressVPN Executive Ensnared in Criminal Surveillance Operation, check also the video.
  • FairEmail – Fully featured, open source, privacy friendly email app for Android. Developer release so called “free” apps and locks specific features behind “paid” or “pro” features instead of only accepting donations, because he exactly knows that no one would donate once he does that. So he plays the “game” to make money.
  • GrapheneOS – GrapheneOS is an open source privacy and security focused mobile OS with Android app compatibility. Mental problems with Daniel Micay who makes things up.
  • gtkcord3 – Just keep in mind, using 3rd party Discord clients can result in your account being banned, but this is rarely enforced by Discord.
  • Intra (DNS) for Android – Owned by Google
  • KiwiBrowser – See here for more details.
  • Mozilla VPN – Rebranded Mullvad with an Mozilla Logo on top of it.
  • MPC #fedpot
  • NordVPN – Two seconds Telegram search and you find cracked accounts in mass, if they cannot even protect customers data against leaks then how good they can be in terms of security? No leaks for eg. Mullvad (just saying).
  • Odysee – Odysee is a video platform backed by the creators of lbry and uses the lbry blockchain protocol. Due to privacy concerns.
  • Opera – Needs no explanation.
  • Paysafecard
  • PowerCord – Against Discord ToS.
  • ProtonMail – Secure Email. Based in Switzerland, Proton admitted to log trough third-party data centers. See here, based on this.
  • Ripcord – Ripcord is a desktop chat client for group-centric services like Slack and Discord. Not FOSS, and against ToS.
  • SafariDefault “Safe Browsing” setting shares web history with Chinese company Tencent.
  • Session – Extreme focus on privacy. Blockchain technology. Session is a much more complicated protocol with way too many additions and differing specs for it to be able to interoperate with Signal at this point. #fedpot
  • Sky Global #fedpot
  • – Privacy-aware and login-free Spotify clone. Rips and connects to YouTube which probably means it only scrobbles songs from YouTube and not Spotify.
  • Start Page – was acquired by United States-based System1.
  • Telegram – No E2E encryption by default on chats. #fedpot
  • UC Browser – Needs no explanation.
  • Vanadium – Privacy and security enhanced releases of Chromium for GrapheneOS.
  • Vivaldi – Needs no explanation. It does install per a Unique User ID.
  • Waterfox
  • Wire – Modern day collaboration meets the most advanced security and superior user experience. Fully open source — both client and server — and third-party audited. Metadata leakage possible & this.

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